Postglycosylation acetylation of sialic acid imparts unique roles to sialoglycoconjugates in mammalian immune response making structural and functional understanding of these analogues important. Five partially O-acetylated Neu5Ac analogues have been synthesized. Reaction of per-O-silylated Neu5Ac ester with AcOH and Ac2O in pyridine promotes regioselective silyl ether/acetate exchange in the following order: C4 (2°) > C9 (1°) > C8 (2°) > C2 (anomeric). Subsequent hydrogenolysis affords the corresponding sialic acid analogues as useful chemical biology tools.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry