Sympathetic skin response in diabetic neuropathy

B. Soliven, Ricardo A Maselli, J. Jaspan, A. Green, H. Graziano, M. Petersen, J. P. Spire

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Abstract

The sympathetic skin response (SSR) was studied in 47 diabetic patients selected for the presence of symptoms and clinical signs of peripheral neuropathy and in 24 normal control subjects. The SSR was present in all controls but was absent at the foot in 66% and at the hand in 27.7% of the diabetic patients. Absence of the SSR failed to correlate with other electrophysiologic parameters on routine nerve conduction and electromyographic studies. Although absent SSR was more often found in patients with symptoms of autonomic dysfunction (P < 0.05), there was no correlation with any specific symptoms of autonomic involvement. The SSR was frequently absent, at least in the foot, in those patients with abnormal cardiac beat-to-beat variability (expiratory:inspiratory, E:I, ratio) and pupil cycle time (PCT). In addition there was a good correlation between the amplitude of the SSR and the value of the E:I ratio (r = 0.81, P < 0.001). The SSR may be a valuable adjunct in the assessment of autonomic involvement in diabetic neuropathy, but its sensitivity requires further evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-716
Number of pages6
JournalMuscle and Nerve
Volume10
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Soliven, B., Maselli, R. A., Jaspan, J., Green, A., Graziano, H., Petersen, M., & Spire, J. P. (1987). Sympathetic skin response in diabetic neuropathy. Muscle and Nerve, 10(8), 711-716.