Surgical management of traumatic disruption of the descending aorta

J Nilas Young, R. J. Stallone, L. I G Iverson, C. L. Ennix, R. R. Ecker, I. A. May

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Abstract

During an 11 1/2 -year period, 20 consecutive patients presenting with a traumatic disruption of the proximal descending aorta underwent an emergency operative repair. The mean age was 26 years (range 15 to 62), and 13 (65%) were male. Associated injuries were frequent and required additional major operative procedures in half of the cases. Two patients died as a result of associated intracranial injuries, for a hospital survival of 90%. The operative repair was accomplished by graft replacement of the involved segment of the aorta in all but one patient who underwent a primary repair. Simple aortic crossclamping was used in 8 patients (40%) and heparinless femoral-femoral venoarterial bypass in 12 patients (60%). Neither renal failure nor paraplegia developed in any of the patients. Four patients required thoracic reoperations. These results indicate that an aggressive multidisciplinary surgical approach can produce favorable results in patients with traumatic descending aortic injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)662-664
Number of pages3
JournalWestern Journal of Medicine
Volume150
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Young, J. N., Stallone, R. J., Iverson, L. I. G., Ennix, C. L., Ecker, R. R., & May, I. A. (1989). Surgical management of traumatic disruption of the descending aorta. Western Journal of Medicine, 150(6), 662-664.