Surface enhanced Raman scattering of extracellular vesicles for cancer diagnostics despite isolation dependent lipoprotein contamination

Hanna J. Koster, Tatu Rojalin, Alyssa Powell, Dina Pham, Rachel R. Mizenko, Andrew C. Birkeland, Randy Carney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Given the emerging diagnostic utility of extracellular vesicles (EVs), it is important to account for non-EV contaminants. Lipoprotein present in EV-enriched isolates may inflate particle counts and decrease sensitivity to biomarkers of interest, skewing chemical analyses and perpetuating downstream issues in labeling or functional analysis. Using label free surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), we confirm that three common EV isolation methods (differential ultracentrifugation, density gradient ultracentrifugation, and size exclusion chromatography) yield variable lipoprotein content. We demonstrate that a dual-isolation method is necessary to isolate EVs from the major classes of lipoprotein. However, combining SERS analysis with machine learning assisted classification, we show that the disease state is the main driver of distinction between EV samples, and largely unaffected by choice of isolation. Ultimately, this study describes a convenient SERS assay to retain accurate diagnostic information from clinical samples by overcoming differences in lipoprotein contamination according to isolation method. This journal is

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14760-14776
Number of pages17
JournalNanoscale
Volume13
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 21 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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