Suppression of weight gain by glucagon in obese Zucker rats

Eve K. Chan, Maureen A. Mackey, Dale C. Snover, Philip D Schneider, Richard D. Rucker, C. Eugene Allen, Henry Buchwald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glucagon has been shown to lower blood lipids and to decrease food intake and body weight in short-term studies in man and animals. There is evidence of decreased secretion of glucagon in human obesity. The Zucker obese rat suffers from a genetic type of obesity and has an absolute reduction in circulating glucagon concentration. The effect of long-term administration of glucagon on the body weight in obese Zucker rats was studied. Glucagon caused a marked (-20%) reduction of body weight in obese Zucker rats with no change in feed intake. Urine glucose, urea nitrogen, creatinine, and ketone content, as well as serum triglyceride, cholesterol, alkaline phosphatase, creatinine, and insulin levels remained unchanged. Weights of perirenal fat, kidneys, and heart also remained unchanged. However, glucagon injection in obese Zucker rats caused significant decrease in serum glucose, and increases in SGOT, liver weight, and liver lipid and glycogen content. Further investigations are needed concerning the safety of chronic glucagon administration for weight control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)320-327
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental and Molecular Pathology
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Chan, E. K., Mackey, M. A., Snover, D. C., Schneider, P. D., Rucker, R. D., Eugene Allen, C., & Buchwald, H. (1984). Suppression of weight gain by glucagon in obese Zucker rats. Experimental and Molecular Pathology, 40(3), 320-327. https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4800(84)90049-2