Supporting the Spectrum Hypothesis: Self-Reported Temperament in Children and Adolescents with High Functioning Autism

Catherine A. Burrows, Lauren V. Usher, Caley B. Schwartz, Peter Clive Mundy, Heather A. Henderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study tested the spectrum hypothesis, which posits that children and adolescents with high functioning autism (HFA) differ quantitatively but not qualitatively from typically developing peers on self-reported temperament. Temperament refers to early-appearing, relatively stable behavioral and emotional tendencies, which relate to maladaptive behaviors across clinical populations. Quantitatively, participants with HFA (N = 104, aged 10–16) self-reported less surgency and more negative affect but did not differ from comparison participants (N = 94, aged 10–16) on effortful control or affiliation. Qualitatively, groups demonstrated comparable reliability of self-reported temperament and associations between temperament and parent-reported behavior problems. These findings support the spectrum hypothesis, highlighting the utility of self-report temperament measures for understanding individual differences in comorbid behavior problems among children and adolescents with HFA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1184-1195
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

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Temperament
Autistic Disorder
Individuality
Self Report
Population

Keywords

  • High-functioning autism
  • Self-report
  • Spectrum hypothesis
  • Temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Supporting the Spectrum Hypothesis : Self-Reported Temperament in Children and Adolescents with High Functioning Autism. / Burrows, Catherine A.; Usher, Lauren V.; Schwartz, Caley B.; Mundy, Peter Clive; Henderson, Heather A.

In: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Vol. 46, No. 4, 01.04.2016, p. 1184-1195.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Burrows, Catherine A. ; Usher, Lauren V. ; Schwartz, Caley B. ; Mundy, Peter Clive ; Henderson, Heather A. / Supporting the Spectrum Hypothesis : Self-Reported Temperament in Children and Adolescents with High Functioning Autism. In: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 2016 ; Vol. 46, No. 4. pp. 1184-1195.
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