Superior removal of hydantoin lesions relative to other oxidized bases by the human DNA glycosylase hNEIL1

Nirmala Krishnamurthy, Xiaobei Zhao, Cynthia J. Burrows, Sheila S. David

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The DNA glycosylase hNEIL1 initiates the base excision repair (BER) of a diverse array of lesions, including ring-opened purines and saturated pyrimidines. Of these, the hydantoin lesions, guanidinohydantoin (Gh) and the two diastereomers of spiroiminodihydantoin (Sp1 and Sp2), have garnered much recent attention due to their unusual structures, high mutagenic potential, and detection in cells. In order to provide insight into the role of repair, the excision efficiency by hNEIL1 of these hydantoin lesions relative to other known substrates was determined. Most notably, quantitative examination of the substrate specificity with hNEIL1 revealed that the hydantoin lesions are excised much more efficiently (> 100-fold faster) than the reported standard substrates thymine glycol (Tg) and 5-hydroxycytosine (5-OHC). Importantly, the glycosylase and β,δ-lyase reactions are tightly coupled such that the rate of the lyase activity does not influence the observed substrate specificity. The activity of hNEIL1 is also influenced by the base pair partner of the lesion, with both Gh and Sp removal being more efficient when paired with T, G, or C than when paired with A. Notably, the most efficient removal is observed with the Gh or Sp paired in the unlikely physiological context with T; indeed, this may be a consequence of the unstable nature of base pairs with T. However, the facile removal via BER in promutagenic base pairs that are reasonably formed after replication (such as Gh·G) may be a factor that modulates the mutagenic profile of these lesions. In addition, hNEIL1 excises Sp1 faster than Sp2, indicating the enzyme can discriminate between the two diastereomers. This is the first time that a BER glycosylase has been shown to be able to preferentially excise one diastereomer of Sp. This may be a consequence of the architecture of the active site of hNEIL1 and the structural uniqueness of the Sp lesion. These results indicate that the hydantoin lesions are the best substrates identified thus far for hNEIL1 and suggest that repair of these lesions may be a critical function of the hNEIL1 enzyme in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7137-7146
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemistry
Volume47
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 8 2008

Fingerprint

Hydantoins
DNA Glycosylases
DNA Repair
Repair
Base Pairing
Lyases
Substrates
Substrate Specificity
Pyrimidines
Purines
Enzymes
Catalytic Domain
guanidinohydantoin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Superior removal of hydantoin lesions relative to other oxidized bases by the human DNA glycosylase hNEIL1. / Krishnamurthy, Nirmala; Zhao, Xiaobei; Burrows, Cynthia J.; David, Sheila S.

In: Biochemistry, Vol. 47, No. 27, 08.07.2008, p. 7137-7146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Krishnamurthy, Nirmala ; Zhao, Xiaobei ; Burrows, Cynthia J. ; David, Sheila S. / Superior removal of hydantoin lesions relative to other oxidized bases by the human DNA glycosylase hNEIL1. In: Biochemistry. 2008 ; Vol. 47, No. 27. pp. 7137-7146.
@article{159bea42d7834e5385f1806160780ba3,
title = "Superior removal of hydantoin lesions relative to other oxidized bases by the human DNA glycosylase hNEIL1",
abstract = "The DNA glycosylase hNEIL1 initiates the base excision repair (BER) of a diverse array of lesions, including ring-opened purines and saturated pyrimidines. Of these, the hydantoin lesions, guanidinohydantoin (Gh) and the two diastereomers of spiroiminodihydantoin (Sp1 and Sp2), have garnered much recent attention due to their unusual structures, high mutagenic potential, and detection in cells. In order to provide insight into the role of repair, the excision efficiency by hNEIL1 of these hydantoin lesions relative to other known substrates was determined. Most notably, quantitative examination of the substrate specificity with hNEIL1 revealed that the hydantoin lesions are excised much more efficiently (> 100-fold faster) than the reported standard substrates thymine glycol (Tg) and 5-hydroxycytosine (5-OHC). Importantly, the glycosylase and β,δ-lyase reactions are tightly coupled such that the rate of the lyase activity does not influence the observed substrate specificity. The activity of hNEIL1 is also influenced by the base pair partner of the lesion, with both Gh and Sp removal being more efficient when paired with T, G, or C than when paired with A. Notably, the most efficient removal is observed with the Gh or Sp paired in the unlikely physiological context with T; indeed, this may be a consequence of the unstable nature of base pairs with T. However, the facile removal via BER in promutagenic base pairs that are reasonably formed after replication (such as Gh·G) may be a factor that modulates the mutagenic profile of these lesions. In addition, hNEIL1 excises Sp1 faster than Sp2, indicating the enzyme can discriminate between the two diastereomers. This is the first time that a BER glycosylase has been shown to be able to preferentially excise one diastereomer of Sp. This may be a consequence of the architecture of the active site of hNEIL1 and the structural uniqueness of the Sp lesion. These results indicate that the hydantoin lesions are the best substrates identified thus far for hNEIL1 and suggest that repair of these lesions may be a critical function of the hNEIL1 enzyme in vivo.",
author = "Nirmala Krishnamurthy and Xiaobei Zhao and Burrows, {Cynthia J.} and David, {Sheila S.}",
year = "2008",
month = "7",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1021/bi800160s",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "47",
pages = "7137--7146",
journal = "Biochemistry",
issn = "0006-2960",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "27",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Superior removal of hydantoin lesions relative to other oxidized bases by the human DNA glycosylase hNEIL1

AU - Krishnamurthy, Nirmala

AU - Zhao, Xiaobei

AU - Burrows, Cynthia J.

AU - David, Sheila S.

PY - 2008/7/8

Y1 - 2008/7/8

N2 - The DNA glycosylase hNEIL1 initiates the base excision repair (BER) of a diverse array of lesions, including ring-opened purines and saturated pyrimidines. Of these, the hydantoin lesions, guanidinohydantoin (Gh) and the two diastereomers of spiroiminodihydantoin (Sp1 and Sp2), have garnered much recent attention due to their unusual structures, high mutagenic potential, and detection in cells. In order to provide insight into the role of repair, the excision efficiency by hNEIL1 of these hydantoin lesions relative to other known substrates was determined. Most notably, quantitative examination of the substrate specificity with hNEIL1 revealed that the hydantoin lesions are excised much more efficiently (> 100-fold faster) than the reported standard substrates thymine glycol (Tg) and 5-hydroxycytosine (5-OHC). Importantly, the glycosylase and β,δ-lyase reactions are tightly coupled such that the rate of the lyase activity does not influence the observed substrate specificity. The activity of hNEIL1 is also influenced by the base pair partner of the lesion, with both Gh and Sp removal being more efficient when paired with T, G, or C than when paired with A. Notably, the most efficient removal is observed with the Gh or Sp paired in the unlikely physiological context with T; indeed, this may be a consequence of the unstable nature of base pairs with T. However, the facile removal via BER in promutagenic base pairs that are reasonably formed after replication (such as Gh·G) may be a factor that modulates the mutagenic profile of these lesions. In addition, hNEIL1 excises Sp1 faster than Sp2, indicating the enzyme can discriminate between the two diastereomers. This is the first time that a BER glycosylase has been shown to be able to preferentially excise one diastereomer of Sp. This may be a consequence of the architecture of the active site of hNEIL1 and the structural uniqueness of the Sp lesion. These results indicate that the hydantoin lesions are the best substrates identified thus far for hNEIL1 and suggest that repair of these lesions may be a critical function of the hNEIL1 enzyme in vivo.

AB - The DNA glycosylase hNEIL1 initiates the base excision repair (BER) of a diverse array of lesions, including ring-opened purines and saturated pyrimidines. Of these, the hydantoin lesions, guanidinohydantoin (Gh) and the two diastereomers of spiroiminodihydantoin (Sp1 and Sp2), have garnered much recent attention due to their unusual structures, high mutagenic potential, and detection in cells. In order to provide insight into the role of repair, the excision efficiency by hNEIL1 of these hydantoin lesions relative to other known substrates was determined. Most notably, quantitative examination of the substrate specificity with hNEIL1 revealed that the hydantoin lesions are excised much more efficiently (> 100-fold faster) than the reported standard substrates thymine glycol (Tg) and 5-hydroxycytosine (5-OHC). Importantly, the glycosylase and β,δ-lyase reactions are tightly coupled such that the rate of the lyase activity does not influence the observed substrate specificity. The activity of hNEIL1 is also influenced by the base pair partner of the lesion, with both Gh and Sp removal being more efficient when paired with T, G, or C than when paired with A. Notably, the most efficient removal is observed with the Gh or Sp paired in the unlikely physiological context with T; indeed, this may be a consequence of the unstable nature of base pairs with T. However, the facile removal via BER in promutagenic base pairs that are reasonably formed after replication (such as Gh·G) may be a factor that modulates the mutagenic profile of these lesions. In addition, hNEIL1 excises Sp1 faster than Sp2, indicating the enzyme can discriminate between the two diastereomers. This is the first time that a BER glycosylase has been shown to be able to preferentially excise one diastereomer of Sp. This may be a consequence of the architecture of the active site of hNEIL1 and the structural uniqueness of the Sp lesion. These results indicate that the hydantoin lesions are the best substrates identified thus far for hNEIL1 and suggest that repair of these lesions may be a critical function of the hNEIL1 enzyme in vivo.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=46849104669&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=46849104669&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/bi800160s

DO - 10.1021/bi800160s

M3 - Article

C2 - 18543945

AN - SCOPUS:46849104669

VL - 47

SP - 7137

EP - 7146

JO - Biochemistry

JF - Biochemistry

SN - 0006-2960

IS - 27

ER -