Superficial femoral popliteal vein: An anatomic study

Steven M. Santilli, Eugene S Lee, Shane E. Wernsing, Daniel A. Diedrich, Michael A. Kuskowski, Ronald L. Shew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The superficial femoral popliteal vein (SFPV) has been used as an alternative conduit for both arterial and venous reconstructive surgery. Its popularity continues to grow, despite concern about the potential for venous morbidity after harvest. The purpose of this study was to determine an anatomic 'safe' length of SFPV for harvest, assuming that the preservation of at least one valve and one significant collateral vein in the remaining popliteal vein (PV) segment can minimize venous morbidity. Methods: Forty-four SFPVs were harvested from 39 cadaveric specimens. The length of both the superficial femoral vein (SFV) and PV was measured, and the number and location of valves and significant side branches (more than 2 mm in diameter) of the PV were measured. The Student two-tailed t test was used as a means of comparing vein lengths between the sexes. Correlation coefficients were determined for the effect of patient height on vein length, stratified by means of sex. Results: Vein length (SFV mean, 24.4 ± 4 cm; PV mean, 18.8 ± 4 cm) varied with sex (male SFV mean, 28.1 ± 5 cm; male PV mean, 21.5 ± 3 cm; female SFV mean, 22.6 ± 4 cm; female PV mean, 18.4 ± 3 cm; P = .01). Valve number (mean, 1.8 ± 0.5) and location and collateral vein number (mean, 5 ± 1.8) and location were variable and independent of height or sex. Conclusion: An anatomic 'safe' length of SFPV for harvest to minimize venous morbidity would include all the SFV and 12 cm of PV in 95% of women and 15 cm of PV in 95% of men. We found that the male sex was a significant determinant for a longer safe length of vein that can be harvested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)450-455
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Vascular Surgery
Volume31
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Popliteal Vein
Femoral Vein
Veins
Morbidity
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

Santilli, S. M., Lee, E. S., Wernsing, S. E., Diedrich, D. A., Kuskowski, M. A., & Shew, R. L. (2000). Superficial femoral popliteal vein: An anatomic study. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 31(3), 450-455.

Superficial femoral popliteal vein : An anatomic study. / Santilli, Steven M.; Lee, Eugene S; Wernsing, Shane E.; Diedrich, Daniel A.; Kuskowski, Michael A.; Shew, Ronald L.

In: Journal of Vascular Surgery, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2000, p. 450-455.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Santilli, SM, Lee, ES, Wernsing, SE, Diedrich, DA, Kuskowski, MA & Shew, RL 2000, 'Superficial femoral popliteal vein: An anatomic study', Journal of Vascular Surgery, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 450-455.
Santilli SM, Lee ES, Wernsing SE, Diedrich DA, Kuskowski MA, Shew RL. Superficial femoral popliteal vein: An anatomic study. Journal of Vascular Surgery. 2000;31(3):450-455.
Santilli, Steven M. ; Lee, Eugene S ; Wernsing, Shane E. ; Diedrich, Daniel A. ; Kuskowski, Michael A. ; Shew, Ronald L. / Superficial femoral popliteal vein : An anatomic study. In: Journal of Vascular Surgery. 2000 ; Vol. 31, No. 3. pp. 450-455.
@article{a76347d93be44a3d90414680175f4ae7,
title = "Superficial femoral popliteal vein: An anatomic study",
abstract = "Objective: The superficial femoral popliteal vein (SFPV) has been used as an alternative conduit for both arterial and venous reconstructive surgery. Its popularity continues to grow, despite concern about the potential for venous morbidity after harvest. The purpose of this study was to determine an anatomic 'safe' length of SFPV for harvest, assuming that the preservation of at least one valve and one significant collateral vein in the remaining popliteal vein (PV) segment can minimize venous morbidity. Methods: Forty-four SFPVs were harvested from 39 cadaveric specimens. The length of both the superficial femoral vein (SFV) and PV was measured, and the number and location of valves and significant side branches (more than 2 mm in diameter) of the PV were measured. The Student two-tailed t test was used as a means of comparing vein lengths between the sexes. Correlation coefficients were determined for the effect of patient height on vein length, stratified by means of sex. Results: Vein length (SFV mean, 24.4 ± 4 cm; PV mean, 18.8 ± 4 cm) varied with sex (male SFV mean, 28.1 ± 5 cm; male PV mean, 21.5 ± 3 cm; female SFV mean, 22.6 ± 4 cm; female PV mean, 18.4 ± 3 cm; P = .01). Valve number (mean, 1.8 ± 0.5) and location and collateral vein number (mean, 5 ± 1.8) and location were variable and independent of height or sex. Conclusion: An anatomic 'safe' length of SFPV for harvest to minimize venous morbidity would include all the SFV and 12 cm of PV in 95{\%} of women and 15 cm of PV in 95{\%} of men. We found that the male sex was a significant determinant for a longer safe length of vein that can be harvested.",
author = "Santilli, {Steven M.} and Lee, {Eugene S} and Wernsing, {Shane E.} and Diedrich, {Daniel A.} and Kuskowski, {Michael A.} and Shew, {Ronald L.}",
year = "2000",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "450--455",
journal = "Journal of Vascular Surgery",
issn = "0741-5214",
publisher = "Mosby Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Superficial femoral popliteal vein

T2 - An anatomic study

AU - Santilli, Steven M.

AU - Lee, Eugene S

AU - Wernsing, Shane E.

AU - Diedrich, Daniel A.

AU - Kuskowski, Michael A.

AU - Shew, Ronald L.

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Objective: The superficial femoral popliteal vein (SFPV) has been used as an alternative conduit for both arterial and venous reconstructive surgery. Its popularity continues to grow, despite concern about the potential for venous morbidity after harvest. The purpose of this study was to determine an anatomic 'safe' length of SFPV for harvest, assuming that the preservation of at least one valve and one significant collateral vein in the remaining popliteal vein (PV) segment can minimize venous morbidity. Methods: Forty-four SFPVs were harvested from 39 cadaveric specimens. The length of both the superficial femoral vein (SFV) and PV was measured, and the number and location of valves and significant side branches (more than 2 mm in diameter) of the PV were measured. The Student two-tailed t test was used as a means of comparing vein lengths between the sexes. Correlation coefficients were determined for the effect of patient height on vein length, stratified by means of sex. Results: Vein length (SFV mean, 24.4 ± 4 cm; PV mean, 18.8 ± 4 cm) varied with sex (male SFV mean, 28.1 ± 5 cm; male PV mean, 21.5 ± 3 cm; female SFV mean, 22.6 ± 4 cm; female PV mean, 18.4 ± 3 cm; P = .01). Valve number (mean, 1.8 ± 0.5) and location and collateral vein number (mean, 5 ± 1.8) and location were variable and independent of height or sex. Conclusion: An anatomic 'safe' length of SFPV for harvest to minimize venous morbidity would include all the SFV and 12 cm of PV in 95% of women and 15 cm of PV in 95% of men. We found that the male sex was a significant determinant for a longer safe length of vein that can be harvested.

AB - Objective: The superficial femoral popliteal vein (SFPV) has been used as an alternative conduit for both arterial and venous reconstructive surgery. Its popularity continues to grow, despite concern about the potential for venous morbidity after harvest. The purpose of this study was to determine an anatomic 'safe' length of SFPV for harvest, assuming that the preservation of at least one valve and one significant collateral vein in the remaining popliteal vein (PV) segment can minimize venous morbidity. Methods: Forty-four SFPVs were harvested from 39 cadaveric specimens. The length of both the superficial femoral vein (SFV) and PV was measured, and the number and location of valves and significant side branches (more than 2 mm in diameter) of the PV were measured. The Student two-tailed t test was used as a means of comparing vein lengths between the sexes. Correlation coefficients were determined for the effect of patient height on vein length, stratified by means of sex. Results: Vein length (SFV mean, 24.4 ± 4 cm; PV mean, 18.8 ± 4 cm) varied with sex (male SFV mean, 28.1 ± 5 cm; male PV mean, 21.5 ± 3 cm; female SFV mean, 22.6 ± 4 cm; female PV mean, 18.4 ± 3 cm; P = .01). Valve number (mean, 1.8 ± 0.5) and location and collateral vein number (mean, 5 ± 1.8) and location were variable and independent of height or sex. Conclusion: An anatomic 'safe' length of SFPV for harvest to minimize venous morbidity would include all the SFV and 12 cm of PV in 95% of women and 15 cm of PV in 95% of men. We found that the male sex was a significant determinant for a longer safe length of vein that can be harvested.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034016946&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034016946&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 10709056

AN - SCOPUS:0034016946

VL - 31

SP - 450

EP - 455

JO - Journal of Vascular Surgery

JF - Journal of Vascular Surgery

SN - 0741-5214

IS - 3

ER -