Substance abuse and smoking among a Canadian cohort of first episode psychosis patients

Wayne K. Deruiter, Chiachen Cheng, Margaret Gehrs, John Langley, Carolyn S Dewa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Individuals experiencing their first psychotic episode report rates of substance and tobacco use that are higher than observed in the general population. In this sample of individuals diagnosed with first episode psychosis, rural/non-rural variations in substance use and smoking behaviour were evaluated. Analyses were performed utilizing data from a sample of individuals enrolled in early intervention programs located throughout the province of Ontario. Based upon population density, two geographical regions were developed: rural and non-rural. Illicit drug use, alcohol consumption, and smoking behaviour were assessed. The total sample consisted of 152 individuals experiencing their first episode of psychosis. Of these individuals, 82 and 70 resided in rural and non-rural areas, respectively. Rural vs non-rural residence was not significantly associated with substance or tobacco use. Regardless of geographical location, early intervention programs for individuals experiencing their first psychotic episode need to incorporate interventions that address substance use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)815-821
Number of pages7
JournalCommunity Mental Health Journal
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Community mental health services
  • Geographical variations
  • Psychotic disorders
  • Smoking
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Health(social science)

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