Subretinal Hyperreflective Material in the Comparison of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials

Alex S. Willoughby, Gui Shuang Ying, Cynthia A. Toth, Maureen G. Maguire, Russell E. Burns, Juan E. Grunwald, Ebenezer Daniel, Glenn J. Jaffe, David F. Williams, Sara Beardsley, Steven Bennett, Herbert Cantrill, Carmen Chan-Tram, Holly Cheshier, Kathyrn Damato, John Davies, Sundeep Dev, Julianne Enloe, Gennaro Follano, Peggy GilbertJill Johnson, Tori Jones, Lisa Mayleben, Robert Mittra, Martha Moos, Ryan Neist, Neal Oestreich, Polly Quiram, Robert Ramsay, Edwin Ryan, Stephanie Schindeldecker, John Snater, Trenise Steele, Dwight Selders, Jessica Tonsfeldt, Shelly Valardi, Gary Edd Fish, Hank A. 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Trese, Thomas Aaberg, Denis Bezaire, Craig Bridges, Doug Bryant, Antonio Capone, Michelle Coleman, Christina Consolo, Cindy Cook, Candice Dulong, Bruce Garretson, Tracy Grooten, Julie Hammersley, Tarek Hassan, Heather Jessick, Nanette Jones, Crystal Kinsman, Jennifer Krumlauf, Sandy Lewis, Heather Locke, Alan Margherio, Debra Markus, Tanya Marsh, Serena Neal, Amy Noffke, Kean Oh, Clarence Pence, Lisa Preston, Paul Raphaelian, Virginia R. Regan, Peter Roberts, Alan Ruby, Ramin Sarrafizadeh, Marissa Scherf, Sarita Scott, Scott Sneed, Lisa Staples, Brad Terry, Matthew T. Trese, Joan Videtich, George Williams, Mary Zajechowski, Daniel P. Joseph, Kevin Blinder, Lynda Boyd, Sarah Buckley, Meaghan Crow, Amanda Dinatale, Nicholas Engelbrecht, Bridget Forke, Dana Gabel, Gilbert Grand, Jennifer Grillion-Cerone, Nancy Holekamp, Charlotte Kelly, Ginny Nobel, Kelly Pepple, Matt Raeber, P. Kumar Rao, Tammy Ressel, Steven Schremp, Merrilee Sgorlon, Shantia Shears, Matthew Thomas, Cathy Timma, Annette Vaughn, Carolyn Walters, Rhonda Weeks, Jarrod Wehmeier, Tim Wright, Daniel M. Berinstein, Aida Ayyad, Mohammed K. Barazi, Erica Bickhart, Tracey Brady, Lisa Byank, Alysia Cronise, Vanessa Denny, Courtney Dunn, Michael Flory, Robert Frantz, Richard A. Garfinkel, William Gilbert, Michael M. Lai, Alexander Melamud, Janine Newgen, Shamekia Newton, Debbie Oliver, Michael Osman, Reginald Sanders, Manfred Von Fricken, Pravin Dugel, Sandra Arenas, Gabe Balea, Dayna Bartoli, John Bucci, Jennifer A. Cornelius, Scheleen Dickens, Don Doherty, Heather Dunlap, David Goldenberg, Karim Jamal, Norma Jimenez, Nicole Kavanagh, Derek Kunimoto, John Martin, Jessica Miner, Sarah Mobley, Donald Park, Edward Quinlan, Jack Sipperley, Carol Slagle, Danielle Smith, Miguelina Yafchak, Rohana Yager, Christina J. 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Topping, Sandy Chong, Mary Ciotti, Tina Cleary, Emily Corey, Dennis Donovan, Albert Frederick, Lesley Freese, Margaret Graham, Natalya Gud, Taneika Howard, Mike Jones, Michael Morley, Katie Moses, Jen Stone, Robin Ty, Torsten Wiegand, Lindsey Williams, Beth Winder, Carl C. Awh, Michelle Amonette, Everton Arrindell, Dena Beck, Brandon Busbee, Amy Dilback, Sara Downs, Allison Guidry, Gary Gutow, Jackey Hardin, Sarah Hines, Emily Hutchins, Kim Lacivita, Ashley Lester, Larry Malott, Maryann McCain, Jayme Miracle, Kenneth Moffat, Lacy Palazzotta, Kelly Robinson, Peter Sonkin, Alecia Travis, Roy Trent Wallace, Kelly J. Winters, Julia Wray, April E. Harris, Mari Bunnell, Katrina Crooks, Rebecca Fitzgerald, Cameron Javid, Corin Kew, Erica Kill, Patricia Kline, Janet Kreienkamp, Maricruz Martinez, Roy Ann Moore, Egbert Saavedra, Luanne Taylor, Mark Walsh, Larry Wilson, Thomas A. Ciulla, Ellen Coyle, Tonya Harrington, Charlotte Harris, Cindi Hood, Ingrid Kerr, Raj Maturi, Dawn Moore, Stephanie Morrow, Jennifer Savage, Bethany Sink, Tom Steele, Neelam Thukral, Janet Wilburn, Joseph P. Walker, Jennifer Banks, Debbie Ciampaglia, Danielle Dyshanowitz, Jennifer Frederick, A. Tom Ghuman, Richard Grodin, Cheryl Kiesel, Eileen Knips, Jonathan McCue, Maria Ortiz, Crystal Peters, Paul Raskauskas, Etienne Schoeman, Ashish Sharma, Glenn Wing, Rebecca Youngblood, Suresh R. Chandra, Michael Altaweel, Barbara Blodi, Kathryn Burke, Kristine A. Dietzman, Justin Gottlieb, Gene Knutson, Denise Krolnik, T. Michael Nork, Shelly Olson, John Peterson, Sandra Reed, Barbara Soderling, Guy Somers, Thomas Stevens, Angela Wealti, Srilaxmi Bearelly, Brenda Branchaud, Joyce W. Bryant, Sara Crowell, Sharon Fekrat, Merritt Gammage, Cheala Harrison, Sarah Jones, Noreen McClain, Brooks McCuen, Prithvi Mruthyunjaya, Jeanne Queen, Neeru Sarin, Cindy Skalak, Marriner Skelly, Ivan Suner, Ronnie Tomany, Lauren Welch, Susanna S. Park, Allison Cassidy, Karishma Chandra, Idalew Good, Katrina Imson, Sashi Kaur, Helen Metzler, Lawrence Morse, Ellen Redenbo, Marisa Salvador, David Telander, Mark Thomas, Cindy Wallace, Charles C. Barr, Amanda Battcher, Michelle Bottorff, Mary Chasteen, Kelly Clark, Diane Denning, Debra Schoen, Amy Schultz, Evie Tempel, Lisa Wheeler, Greg K. Whittington, Thomas W. Stone, Todd Blevins, Michelle Buck, Lynn Cruz, Wanda Heath, Diana Holcomb, Rick Isernhagen, Terri Kidd, John Kitchens, Cathy Sears, Ed Slade, Jeanne Van Arsdall, Brenda Vanhoose, Jenny Wolfe, William Wood, John Zilis, Carol Crooks, Larry Disney, Mimi Liu, Stephen Petty, Sandra Sall, James C. Folk, Tracy Aly, Abby Brotherton, Douglas Critser, Connie J. Hinz, Stefani Karakas, Valerie Kirschner, Cheyanne Lester, Cindy Montague, Stephen Russell, Heather Stockman, Barbara Taylor, Randy Verdick, Jean Walshire, John T. Thompson, Barbara Connell, Maryanth Constantine, John L. Davis, Gwen Holsapple, Lisa Hunter, C. Nicki Lenane, Robin Mitchell, Leslie Russel, Raymond Sjaarda, David M. Brown, Matthew Benz, Llewellyn Burns, Jolene G. Carranza, Richard Fish, Debra Goates, Shayla Hay, Theresa Jeffers, Eric Kegley, Dallas Kubecka, Stacy McGilvra, Beau Richter, Veronica Sneed, Cary Stoever, Isabell Tellez, Tien Wong, Ivana Kim, Christopher Andreoli, Leslie Barresi, Sarah Brett, Charlene Callahan, Karen Capaccioli, William Carli, Matthew Coppola, Nicholas Emmanuel, Claudia Evans, Anna Fagan, Marcia Grillo, John Head, Troy Kieser, Elaine Lee, Ursula Lord, Edward Miretsky, Kate Palitsch, Todd Petrin, Liz Reader, Svetlana Reznichenko, Mary Robertson, Justin Smith, Demetrios Vavvas, John Wells, Cassie Cahill, W. 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Barnhart, Debra Cantrell, Ronalyn Esquejo-Leon, Odette Houghton, Harpreet Kaur, Fatoumatta Ndure, Ronald Glatzer, Leonard Joffe, Reid Schindler, Stuart L. Fine, Marilyn Katz, Mary Brightwell-Arnold, Ruchira Glaser, Judith Hall, Sandra Harkins, Jiayan Huang, Alexander Khvatov, Kathy McWilliams, Ellen Peskin, Maxwell Pistilli, Susan Ryan, Allison Schnader, Jennifer Afrani-Sakyi, Brannon Balsley, Linda S. Bennett, Adam Brooks, Adrienne Brower-Lingsch, Lori Bruce, Dee Busian, John Choong, Lindsey Cloaninger, Francis Char DeCroos, Emily Dubois, Mays El-Dairi, Sarah Gach, Katelyn Hall, Terry Hawks, Chengchenh Huang, Cindy Heydary, Alexander Ho, Shashi Kini, Michelle McCall, Daaimah Muhammad, Jayne Nicholson, Pamela Rieves, Kelly Shields, Adam Specker, Sandra Stinnett, Sujatha Subramaniam, Patrick Tenbrink, Aaron Towe, Kimberly Welch, Natasha Williams, Katrina Winter, Ellen Young, Judith Alexander, Elisabeth Flannagan, E. Revell Martin, Candace Parker, Krista Sepielli, Tom Shannon, Claressa Whearry, Maryann Redford, Marcia R. Kopfer, Frederick L. Ferris, Joan Dupont, Lawrence M. Friedman, Susan B. Bressler, David L. Demets, Martin Friedlander, Mark W. Johnson, Anne Lindblad, Douglas W. Losordo, Franklin G. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose To evaluate the association of subretinal hyperreflective material (SHRM) with visual acuity (VA), geographic atrophy (GA), and scar in the Comparison of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials (CATT). Design Prospective cohort study within a randomized clinical trial. Participants The 1185 CATT participants. Methods Masked readers graded scar and GA on fundus photography and fluorescein angiography and graded SHRM on time-domain and spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (OCT) throughout 104 weeks. Measurements of SHRM height and width in the fovea, within the center 1 mm2, or outside the center 1mm2 were obtained on SD OCT images at 56 (n = 76) and 104 (n = 66) weeks. Main Outcome Measures Presence of SHRM, as well as location and size, and associations with VA, scar, and GA. Results Among CATT participants, the percentage with SHRM at enrollment was 77%, decreasing to 68% at 4 weeks after treatment and to 54% at 104 weeks. At 104 weeks, scar was present more often in eyes with persistent SHRM than in eyes with SHRM that resolved (64% vs. 31%; P <0.0001). Among eyes with detailed evaluation of SHRM at weeks 56 (n = 76) and 104 (n = 66), mean VA letter score was 73.5 (standard error [SE], 2.8), 73.1 (SE, 3.4), 65.3 (SE, 3.5), and 63.9 (SE, 3.7) when SHRM was absent, present outside the central 1 mm2, present within the central 1 mm2 but not the foveal center, or present at the foveal center (P = 0.02), respectively. When SHRM was present, the median maximum height under the fovea, within the central 1 mm2 including the fovea and anywhere within the scan, was 86 μm, 120 μm, and 122 μm, respectively. Visual acuity was decreased with greater SHRM height and width (P <0.05). Conclusions In eyes with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD), SHRM is common and often persists after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment. At 2 years, eyes with scar were more likely to have SHRM than other eyes. Greater SHRM dimensions were associated with worse VA. In eyes with neovascular AMD, SHRM is an important morphologic biomarker.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1846-1853
Number of pages8
JournalOphthalmology
Volume122
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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    Willoughby, A. S., Ying, G. S., Toth, C. A., Maguire, M. G., Burns, R. E., Grunwald, J. E., Daniel, E., Jaffe, G. J., Williams, D. F., Beardsley, S., Bennett, S., Cantrill, H., Chan-Tram, C., Cheshier, H., Damato, K., Davies, J., Dev, S., Enloe, J., Follano, G., ... Miller, F. G. (2015). Subretinal Hyperreflective Material in the Comparison of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials. Ophthalmology, 122(9), 1846-1853. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2015.05.042