Objective: Statistical shape modelling (SSM) of hip dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans has identified relationships between hip shape and radiographic hip OA (rHOA). We aimed to further elucidate shape characteristics related to rHOA by focusing on subregions identified from whole-hip shape models. Method: SSM was applied to hip DXAs obtained in the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study. Whole-hip shape modes (HSMs) associated with rHOA were combined to form a composite at-risk-shape. Subsequently, subregional HSMs (cam-type and lesser trochanter modes) were built, and associations with rHOA were examined by logistic regression. Subregional HSMs were further characterised, by examining associations with 3D-HSMs derived from concurrent hip CT scans. Results: 4,098 participants were identified with hip DXAs and radiographs. Composite shapes from whole-hip HSMs revealed that lesser trochanter size and cam-type femoral head are related to rHOA. From sub-regional models, lesser trochanter mode (LTM)1 [OR 0.74; 95%CI 0.63.0.87] and cam-type mode (CTM)3 [OR 1.27; 18.104.22.168] were associated with rHOA, associations being similar to those for whole hip HSMs. 515 MrOS participants had hip DXAs and 3D-HSMs derived from hip CT scans. LTM1 was associated with 3D-HSMs that also represented a larger lesser trochanter [3D-HSM7 (beta (β)-0.23;-0.33,-0.14) and 3D-HSM9 (β0.36; 0.27.0.45)], and CTM3 with 3D-HSMs describing cam morphology [3D-HSM3 (β-0.16;-0.25,-0.07) and 3D-HSM6 (β 0.19; 0.10.0.28)]. Conclusion: Subregional SSM of hip DXA scans suggested larger lesser trochanter and cam morphology underlie associations between overall hip shape and rHOA. 3D hip modelling suggests our subregional SSMs represent true anatomical variations in hip shape, warranting further investigation.
- Hip shape
- Statistical shape modelling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine