Subendocardial segment length shortening at lateral margins of ischemic myocardium in dogs

K. P. Gallagher, R. A. Gerren, Michael Choy, M. C. Stirling, R. C. Dysko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The lateral borders of an infarcted area are sharply delineated in terms of perfusion, but functional impairment extends a limited distance into adjacent nonischemic myocardium. To determine the distribution of functional impairment we arrayed three ultrasonic dimension gauges to measure two subendocardial segment lengths in series. The center crystal, placed at the perfusion boundary (PB) between left anterior descending and circumflex arteries, radiated ultrasound to receiver crystals 7-17 mm to either side of the PB. The locations of the functional measurements relative to the PB were determined with myocardial blood flow (microsphere) 'maps' constructed from multiple small tissue samples obtained circumferentially. On the nonischemic side of the PB, segment shortening (dL) increased from 2.00 ± 0.37 mm during control conditions to 2.20 ± 0.43 mm (P < 0.05) after left circumflex coronary occlusion. Similar results were obtained in four conscious chronically instrumented dogs, supporting the conclusion that segment function adjacent to the ischemic margin is well preserved after coronary occlusion. On the ischemic side of the PB, dL decreased from 2.24 ± 0.54 to 0.42 ± 0.39 mm (P < 0.01). By adding the data from the two segments in series, a combined measurement of dL across heterogeneously perfused myocardium was derived that decreased by 38% from control. The level of shortening represented an integral of normal and abnormal motion that was proportional to the mean reduction in blood flow (-44%) in all of the muscle spanned by the crystals. We conclude that subendocardial segment lengths 'average' shortening in the muscle they subtend when arrayed across the perfusion boundary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume253
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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