Studies on the pathogenesis of epizootic bovine abortion.

P. B. Kimsey, P. C. Kennedy, R. B. Bushnell, A. P. Casaro, Robert Bondurant, M. N. Oliver, J. W. Kendrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ornithodoros coriaceus Koch ticks were fed on 37 pregnant cows. The fetuses were obtained from the cows at 23 to 126 days after maternal tick exposure. Characteristic lesions of epizootic bovine abortion were observed only in those fetuses recovered 100 days more or after maternal tick exposure. Fetuses collected between 50 and 100 days showed mild-to-moderate lymphoid and mononuclear cell hyperplasia. Reaction in fetuses studied less than 50 days after maternal tick exposure were mild. Lesions could not be seen in 2 of the youngest fetuses. Increases in serum immunoglobulin concentrations were present only in those fetuses examined 80 days or more after their dams had been exposed to ticks. The specificity of the immunoglobulins could not be determined. Sera from 12 fetuses tested failed to fix complement in tests for group-specific chlamydial antibodies. A wide variety of microbiological cultivation attempts were made to recover the causative agent of epizootic bovine abortion from these fetuses; however, no agent was recovered regularly, and chlamydial organisms were not recovered from any. The significance of 2 recovered agents, apparently viral, is still to be determined. Fetal tissues, both frozen and fresh, collected from fetuses of dams exposed to a feeding of ticks were capable of reproducing the disease after inoculation into pregnant cows or directly into fetuses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1266-1271
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume44
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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