Studies of wolf x coyote hybridization via artificial insemination

L. David Mech, Cheryl S. Asa, Margaret Callahan, Bruce W Christensen, Fran Smith, Julie K. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Following the production of western gray wolf (Canis lupus) x western coyote (Canis latrans) hybrids via artificial insemination (AI), the present article documents that the hybrids survived in captivity for at least 4 years and successfully bred with each other. It further reports that backcrossing one of the hybrids to a male gray wolf by AI also resulted in the birth of live pups that have survived for at least 10 months. All male hybrids (F1 and F2) produced sperm by about 10 months of age, and sperm quality of the F1 males fell within the fertile range for domestic dogs, but sperm motility and morphology, in particular, were low in F2 males at 10 months but improved in samples taken at 22 months of age. These studies are relevant to a long-standing controversy about the identity of the red wolf (Canis rufus), the existence of a proposed new species (Canis lycaon) of gray wolf, and to the role of hybridization in mammalian evolution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0184342
JournalPLoS One
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Fingerprint

Coyotes
Artificial Insemination
Canis latrans
Canis lupus
wolves
artificial insemination
hybridization
spermatozoa
Canis
Spermatozoa
backcrossing
sperm motility
pups
Inbreeding
Sperm Motility
Live Birth
breeds
dogs
new species
Dogs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Mech, L. D., Asa, C. S., Callahan, M., Christensen, B. W., Smith, F., & Young, J. K. (2017). Studies of wolf x coyote hybridization via artificial insemination. PLoS One, 12(9), [e0184342]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184342

Studies of wolf x coyote hybridization via artificial insemination. / Mech, L. David; Asa, Cheryl S.; Callahan, Margaret; Christensen, Bruce W; Smith, Fran; Young, Julie K.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 12, No. 9, e0184342, 01.09.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mech, LD, Asa, CS, Callahan, M, Christensen, BW, Smith, F & Young, JK 2017, 'Studies of wolf x coyote hybridization via artificial insemination', PLoS One, vol. 12, no. 9, e0184342. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184342
Mech, L. David ; Asa, Cheryl S. ; Callahan, Margaret ; Christensen, Bruce W ; Smith, Fran ; Young, Julie K. / Studies of wolf x coyote hybridization via artificial insemination. In: PLoS One. 2017 ; Vol. 12, No. 9.
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