Structural Dynamics of Agonist and Antagonist Binding to the Androgen Receptor

Ettayapuram Ramaprasad Azhagiya Singam, Phum Tachachartvanich, Michele La Merrill, Martyn T. Smith, Kathleen A. Durkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Androgen receptor (AR) is a steroid hormone nuclear receptor which upon binding its endogenous androgenic ligands (agonists), testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT), alters gene transcription, producing a diverse range of biological effects. Antiandrogens, such as the pharmaceuticals bicalutamide and hydroxyflutamide, act as agonists in the absence of androgens and as antagonists in their presence or in high concentration. The atomic level mechanism of action by agonists and antagonists of AR is less well characterized. Therefore, in this study, multiple 1 μs molecular dynamics (MD), docking simulations, and perturbation-response analyses were performed to more fully explore the nature of interaction between agonist or antagonist and AR and the conformational changes induced in the AR upon interaction with different ligands. We characterized the mechanism of the ligand entry/exit and found that helix-12 and nearby structural motifs respond dynamically in that process. Modeling showed that the agonist and antagonist/agonist form a hydrogen bond with Thr877/Asn705 and that this interaction is absent for antagonists. Agonist binding to AR increases the mobility of residues at allosteric sites and coactivator binding sites, while antagonist binding decreases mobility at these important sites. A new site was also identified as a potential surface for allosteric binding. These results shed light on the effect of agonists and antagonists on the structure and dynamics of AR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7657-7666
Number of pages10
JournalThe journal of physical chemistry. B
Volume123
Issue number36
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 12 2019

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dynamic structural analysis
Structural dynamics
Androgen Receptors
Androgen Receptor Antagonists
Androgens
Ligands
Steroid hormones
Androgen Antagonists
Dihydrotestosterone
Transcription
ligands
Cytoplasmic and Nuclear Receptors
Molecular dynamics
Testosterone
Hydrogen bonds
Genes
Binding Sites
steroids
biological effects
hormones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Structural Dynamics of Agonist and Antagonist Binding to the Androgen Receptor. / Azhagiya Singam, Ettayapuram Ramaprasad; Tachachartvanich, Phum; La Merrill, Michele; Smith, Martyn T.; Durkin, Kathleen A.

In: The journal of physical chemistry. B, Vol. 123, No. 36, 12.09.2019, p. 7657-7666.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Azhagiya Singam, Ettayapuram Ramaprasad ; Tachachartvanich, Phum ; La Merrill, Michele ; Smith, Martyn T. ; Durkin, Kathleen A. / Structural Dynamics of Agonist and Antagonist Binding to the Androgen Receptor. In: The journal of physical chemistry. B. 2019 ; Vol. 123, No. 36. pp. 7657-7666.
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