Structural characterization of carcinogen-modified oligodeoxynucleotide adducts using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry

Karen Brown, Chris A. Harvey, Ken W Turteltaub, Sharon J. Shields

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


The aim of this study was to determine the chemical structure of in vitro 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP)-modified oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) by exonuclease digestion and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. A single-stranded 11-mer ODN, 5′-d(CCATCGCTACC), was reacted with N-acetoxy-PhIP, resulting in the formation of one major and eight minor PhIP-ODN adducts. A 10 min treatment of the major and one minor PhIP-ODN adduct with a 3′-exonuclease, bovine intestinal mucosa phosphodiesterase (BIMP), and a 5′-exonuclease, bovine spleen phosphodiesterase, results in inhibition of the primary exonuclease activity at deoxyguanosine (dG) producing 5′-d(CCATCG(PhIP)) and 5′-d(G(PhIP)CTACC) product ions, respectively. Post-source decay (PSD) of these enzymatic end products identifies dG as the sole modification site in two 11-mer ODN-PhIP adducts. PSD of the minor PhIP-ODN adduct digestion end product, 5′-d(CCATCG(PhIP)), also reveals that the PhIP adducted guanine moiety is in an oxidized form. Prolonged treatment of the PhIP-ODN adducts at 37°C with BIMP induces a non-specific, or endonuclease, enzymatic activity culminating in the formation of deoxyguanosine 5′-monophosphate-PhIP (5′-dGMP-PhIP). The PSD fragmentation pattern of the 5′-dGMP-PhIP [M + H]+ ion of the major adduct confirms PhIP binds to the C-8 position of dG. For the minor adduct, PSD results suggest that PhIP binds to the C-8 position of an oxidized guanine, supporting the hypothesis that this adduct arises from oxidative degradation, resulting in a spirobisguanidino structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-79
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Mass Spectrometry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003
Externally publishedYes



  • Adducts
  • DNA
  • Exonuclease digestion
  • Mass spectrometry
  • PhIP
  • PSD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Biophysics

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