The Mad3/BubR1, Mad2, Bub1, and Bub3 proteins are gatekeepers for the transition from metaphase to anaphase. Mad3 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae has homology to Bub1 but lacks a corresponding C-terminal kinase domain. Mad3 forms a stable heterodimer with Bub3. Negative-stain electron microscopy shows that Mad3 is an extended molecule (≈200 Å long), whereas Bub3 is globular. The Gle2-binding-sequence (GLEBS) motifs found in Mad3 and Bub1 are necessary and sufficient for interaction with Bub3. The calorimetrically determined dissociation constants for GLEBS-motif peptides and BubS are ≈5 μM. Crystal structures of these peptides with Bub3 show that the interactions for Mad3 and Bub1 are similar and mutually exclusive. In both structures, the GLEBS peptide snakes along the top surface of the β-propeller, forming an extensive interface. Mutations in either protein that disrupt the interface cause checkpoint deficiency and chromosome instability. We propose that the structure imposed on the GLEBS segment by its association with Bub3 enables recruitment to unattached kinetochores.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jan 23 2007|
- Crystal structures
- GLEBS motif
ASJC Scopus subject areas