Strong circumstantial evidence for ethanol toxicosis in Cedar Waxwings (Bombycilla cedrorum)

Hailu Kinde, Eileen Foate, Emily Beeler, Francisco A Uzal, Janet Moore, Robert H Poppenga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Several flocks of Cedar Waxwings (Bombycilla cedrorum) were found dead after colliding with solid objects such as picture windows, plexiglass, and fences. Necropsy examination revealed that all birds had engorged themselves with over-ripe berries of the Brazilian Pepper Tree (Schinus terebinthifolius) and had hemorrhages in the breast muscles and the coelomic cavity due to hepatic rupture. Microscopic examination of tissues revealed no underlying pathological conditions. Ethanol was detected at levels of 260-1,000 ppm in the intestinal contents and liver, respectively. The cause of death in these birds was trauma that resulted from colliding with hard objects when flying under the influence of ethanol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)995-998
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Ornithology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2012


  • Bombycilla cedrorum
  • Cedar Waxwing
  • Ethanol
  • Schinus terebinthifolius
  • Toxicosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology


Dive into the research topics of 'Strong circumstantial evidence for ethanol toxicosis in Cedar Waxwings (Bombycilla cedrorum)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this