Strategies to reduce medication errors in ambulatory practice

Kwabena O M Adubofour, Craig R Keenan, Ashok Daftary, Josepha Mensah-Adubofour, William D. Dachman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Medication errors generally refer to mistakes made in the processes of ordering, transcribing, dispensing, administering or monitoring of pharmaceutical agents used in clinical practice. The Institute of Medicine report, To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System, has helped raise public awareness surrounding the issue of patient safety within our hospitals. A number of legislative and regulatory steps have resulted in hospital authorities putting in place various systems to allow for error reporting and prevention. Medication errors are being closely scrutinized as part of these hospital-based efforts. Most Americans, however, receive their healthcare in the ambulatory primary care setting. Primary care physicians are involved in the writing of several million prescriptions annually. The steps underway in our hospitals to reduce medication errors should occur concurrently with steps to increase awareness of this problem in the out-patient setting. This article provides an overview of strategies that can be adopted by primary care physicians to decrease medication errors in ambulatory practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1558-1564
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2004


  • Ambulatory practice
  • Awareness
  • Medication errors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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