Strangulating volvulus of the ascending colon in horses.

J. R. Snyder, John Pascoe, H. J. Olander, Sharon Spier, Dennis Meagher, D. R. Bleifer

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Abstract

Of 57 horses with strangulating volvulus of the ascending colon, 42 were mares (including 21 postparturient mares), 8 were stallions, and 7 were geldings. Volvulus occurred most frequently in the summer (n = 24) and spring (n = 17). Pain was evaluated as severe in 41 horses, moderate in 9, and mild in 4. The abdominal fluid from 30 horses varied from clear yellow in 19 horses, to cloudy yellow in 3 horses, and serosanguineous in 8 horses. Protein content and nucleated cell count in the abdominal fluid were 2.5 +/- 1 g/dl and 1,000 +/- 900 microliters, respectively. Fifty horses had greater than or equal to 360 degrees volvulus and 7 had a 270 degrees volvulus, with 49 occurring in a counterclockwise direction. The site of volvulus in all horses was at the mesenteric attachment of the colon, except for a 360 degrees volvulus at the sternal and diaphragmatic flexures in 1 horse. Survival rates for horses with a greater than or equal to 360 degrees and a 270 degrees volvulus were 36% and 71%, respectively. The difference in survival rates reflected the severe vascular occlusion in the colon of horses with greater than or equal to 360 degrees volvulus. In nonsurvivors, hemorrhage in the submucosa and lamina propria (P less than 0.005) and edema in the submucosa (P less than 0.01) were greater than those in survivors. In nonsurvivors, greater than 97% of the superficial epithelium was lost. In horses that survived, only 60% of the cells were lost or degenerated.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)757-764
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume195
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 15 1989

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volvulus
Ascending Colon
Intestinal Volvulus
Horses
colon
horses
mares
Colon
survival rate
geldings
laminae (animals)
stallions
blood vessels
edema
hemorrhage
Blood Vessels
pain
Edema
Mucous Membrane
epithelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Strangulating volvulus of the ascending colon in horses. / Snyder, J. R.; Pascoe, John; Olander, H. J.; Spier, Sharon; Meagher, Dennis; Bleifer, D. R.

In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Vol. 195, No. 6, 15.09.1989, p. 757-764.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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