Stimulation of endothelin mRNA and secretion in rat vascular smooth muscle cells

a novel autocrine function.

A. W. Hahn, T. J. Resink, T. Scott-Burden, Jerry S Powell, Y. Dohi, F. R. Bühler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

232 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endothelin (ET), a peptide originally isolated from the supernatants of cultured endothelial cells, exerts a wide variety of biological effects in different tissues. Endothelial-cell-synthesized ET-1 has been proposed to act in a paracrine manner on adjacent smooth muscle cells (SMC) in vivo, with effects that include both vascular reactivity (vasodilation/vasoconstriction) and mitogenesis. This study, by the use of immunocytochemically characterized SMC (rVSMC) isolated from the aortas of spontaneously hypertensive rats, has investigated a possible autocrine role for ET in regulation of the vasculature. Although quiescent cultures of rVSMC apparently did not constitutively express prepro ET-1mRNA, ET-specific transcripts could be induced by a variety of growth factors (transforming growth factor beta [TGF-beta]; platelet-derived growth factor-AA homodimer [PDGF-A chain]) and vasoactive hormones (angiotensin II [Ang II], arginine-vasopressin, and ET-1 itself). The kinetics for prepro ET-1mRNA induction in rVSMC were characteristically rapid in onset and transient. Down-regulation of protein kinase C by 48 h pretreatment of rVSMC with phorbol ester markedly reduced the subsequent ability of rVSMC to express ET-1 transcripts and secrete ET-1 peptide in response to Ang II. Inducible prepro ET-1mRNA expression was accompanied by a cycloheximide-inhibitable release of ET-1 peptide into the medium of rVSMC. ET-1 peptide was determined by both radioreceptor- and radioimmunoassay. Stimulated rVSMC accumulated ET-1 (approximately 200 pg.10(6) cells-1 x 4 h-1) at levels that attained biological relevance (approximately 10(-10) M). Sep-pak C18 extracts of medium from stimulated rVSMC elicited contraction of isolated endothelium-denuded rat mesenteric resistance vessels, and this response was characteristically protracted and difficult to "wash out." Synthetic (porcine) ET-1 promoted the expression of transcripts for PDGF-A chain, TGF-beta, and thrombospondin in quiescent rVSMC. Such effects of ET-1 on gene expression may be relevant to the mitogenic potential of ET-1 on VSMC. Our findings imply a role for ET-1 in the control of vascular function via both paracrine and autocrine regulatory mechanisms. The expression of prepro ET-1mRNA and peptide biosynthesis by rVSMC may have both short-term (e.g., vasoconstriction) and long-term (e.g., structural remodeling) consequences. A sustained loop of autocrine stimulation by ET-1 in SMC could contribute toward the pathogenesis of vasospasm and/or atherosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)649-659
Number of pages11
JournalCell regulation
Volume1
Issue number9
StatePublished - Aug 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Endothelins
Endothelin-1
Vascular Smooth Muscle
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Messenger RNA
Peptides
Vasoconstriction
Angiotensin II
Transforming Growth Factor beta
Blood Vessels
Peptide Biosynthesis
Endothelial Cells
Thrombospondins
Arginine Vasopressin
Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
Phorbol Esters
Inbred SHR Rats
Cycloheximide
Vasodilation
Protein Kinase C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Hahn, A. W., Resink, T. J., Scott-Burden, T., Powell, J. S., Dohi, Y., & Bühler, F. R. (1990). Stimulation of endothelin mRNA and secretion in rat vascular smooth muscle cells: a novel autocrine function. Cell regulation, 1(9), 649-659.

Stimulation of endothelin mRNA and secretion in rat vascular smooth muscle cells : a novel autocrine function. / Hahn, A. W.; Resink, T. J.; Scott-Burden, T.; Powell, Jerry S; Dohi, Y.; Bühler, F. R.

In: Cell regulation, Vol. 1, No. 9, 08.1990, p. 649-659.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hahn, AW, Resink, TJ, Scott-Burden, T, Powell, JS, Dohi, Y & Bühler, FR 1990, 'Stimulation of endothelin mRNA and secretion in rat vascular smooth muscle cells: a novel autocrine function.', Cell regulation, vol. 1, no. 9, pp. 649-659.
Hahn, A. W. ; Resink, T. J. ; Scott-Burden, T. ; Powell, Jerry S ; Dohi, Y. ; Bühler, F. R. / Stimulation of endothelin mRNA and secretion in rat vascular smooth muscle cells : a novel autocrine function. In: Cell regulation. 1990 ; Vol. 1, No. 9. pp. 649-659.
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abstract = "Endothelin (ET), a peptide originally isolated from the supernatants of cultured endothelial cells, exerts a wide variety of biological effects in different tissues. Endothelial-cell-synthesized ET-1 has been proposed to act in a paracrine manner on adjacent smooth muscle cells (SMC) in vivo, with effects that include both vascular reactivity (vasodilation/vasoconstriction) and mitogenesis. This study, by the use of immunocytochemically characterized SMC (rVSMC) isolated from the aortas of spontaneously hypertensive rats, has investigated a possible autocrine role for ET in regulation of the vasculature. Although quiescent cultures of rVSMC apparently did not constitutively express prepro ET-1mRNA, ET-specific transcripts could be induced by a variety of growth factors (transforming growth factor beta [TGF-beta]; platelet-derived growth factor-AA homodimer [PDGF-A chain]) and vasoactive hormones (angiotensin II [Ang II], arginine-vasopressin, and ET-1 itself). The kinetics for prepro ET-1mRNA induction in rVSMC were characteristically rapid in onset and transient. Down-regulation of protein kinase C by 48 h pretreatment of rVSMC with phorbol ester markedly reduced the subsequent ability of rVSMC to express ET-1 transcripts and secrete ET-1 peptide in response to Ang II. Inducible prepro ET-1mRNA expression was accompanied by a cycloheximide-inhibitable release of ET-1 peptide into the medium of rVSMC. ET-1 peptide was determined by both radioreceptor- and radioimmunoassay. Stimulated rVSMC accumulated ET-1 (approximately 200 pg.10(6) cells-1 x 4 h-1) at levels that attained biological relevance (approximately 10(-10) M). Sep-pak C18 extracts of medium from stimulated rVSMC elicited contraction of isolated endothelium-denuded rat mesenteric resistance vessels, and this response was characteristically protracted and difficult to {"}wash out.{"} Synthetic (porcine) ET-1 promoted the expression of transcripts for PDGF-A chain, TGF-beta, and thrombospondin in quiescent rVSMC. Such effects of ET-1 on gene expression may be relevant to the mitogenic potential of ET-1 on VSMC. Our findings imply a role for ET-1 in the control of vascular function via both paracrine and autocrine regulatory mechanisms. The expression of prepro ET-1mRNA and peptide biosynthesis by rVSMC may have both short-term (e.g., vasoconstriction) and long-term (e.g., structural remodeling) consequences. A sustained loop of autocrine stimulation by ET-1 in SMC could contribute toward the pathogenesis of vasospasm and/or atherosclerosis.",
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N2 - Endothelin (ET), a peptide originally isolated from the supernatants of cultured endothelial cells, exerts a wide variety of biological effects in different tissues. Endothelial-cell-synthesized ET-1 has been proposed to act in a paracrine manner on adjacent smooth muscle cells (SMC) in vivo, with effects that include both vascular reactivity (vasodilation/vasoconstriction) and mitogenesis. This study, by the use of immunocytochemically characterized SMC (rVSMC) isolated from the aortas of spontaneously hypertensive rats, has investigated a possible autocrine role for ET in regulation of the vasculature. Although quiescent cultures of rVSMC apparently did not constitutively express prepro ET-1mRNA, ET-specific transcripts could be induced by a variety of growth factors (transforming growth factor beta [TGF-beta]; platelet-derived growth factor-AA homodimer [PDGF-A chain]) and vasoactive hormones (angiotensin II [Ang II], arginine-vasopressin, and ET-1 itself). The kinetics for prepro ET-1mRNA induction in rVSMC were characteristically rapid in onset and transient. Down-regulation of protein kinase C by 48 h pretreatment of rVSMC with phorbol ester markedly reduced the subsequent ability of rVSMC to express ET-1 transcripts and secrete ET-1 peptide in response to Ang II. Inducible prepro ET-1mRNA expression was accompanied by a cycloheximide-inhibitable release of ET-1 peptide into the medium of rVSMC. ET-1 peptide was determined by both radioreceptor- and radioimmunoassay. Stimulated rVSMC accumulated ET-1 (approximately 200 pg.10(6) cells-1 x 4 h-1) at levels that attained biological relevance (approximately 10(-10) M). Sep-pak C18 extracts of medium from stimulated rVSMC elicited contraction of isolated endothelium-denuded rat mesenteric resistance vessels, and this response was characteristically protracted and difficult to "wash out." Synthetic (porcine) ET-1 promoted the expression of transcripts for PDGF-A chain, TGF-beta, and thrombospondin in quiescent rVSMC. Such effects of ET-1 on gene expression may be relevant to the mitogenic potential of ET-1 on VSMC. Our findings imply a role for ET-1 in the control of vascular function via both paracrine and autocrine regulatory mechanisms. The expression of prepro ET-1mRNA and peptide biosynthesis by rVSMC may have both short-term (e.g., vasoconstriction) and long-term (e.g., structural remodeling) consequences. A sustained loop of autocrine stimulation by ET-1 in SMC could contribute toward the pathogenesis of vasospasm and/or atherosclerosis.

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