Stereotype suppression and recognition memory for stereotypical and nonstereotypical information

Jeffrey Sherman, Steven J. Stroessner, Shay T. Loftus, Glenn Deguzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

In attempting to inhibit their stereotypes, suppressors may direct greater attention toward the very behaviors whose influence they seek to avoid. In an empirical demonstration of this effect, some participants were instructed to suppress their use of stereotypes while forming impressions of an Asian woman who revealed stereotypical and nonstereotypical behaviors. Unlike a control group who merely formed impressions, these suppressors later recognized stereotypical behaviors significantly more accurately than nonstereotypical behaviors. Because memory was assessed with a recognition measure, these findings minimize the possibility that the results were due to differential reliance on stereotype-based retrieval cues by suppressors and non-suppressors. These findings have important implications for people's ability to successfully avoid stereotyping others.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-215
Number of pages11
JournalSocial Cognition
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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