Stereotype suppression and recognition memory for stereotypical and nonstereotypical information

Jeffrey Sherman, Steven J. Stroessner, Shay T. Loftus, Glenn Deguzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In attempting to inhibit their stereotypes, suppressors may direct greater attention toward the very behaviors whose influence they seek to avoid. In an empirical demonstration of this effect, some participants were instructed to suppress their use of stereotypes while forming impressions of an Asian woman who revealed stereotypical and nonstereotypical behaviors. Unlike a control group who merely formed impressions, these suppressors later recognized stereotypical behaviors significantly more accurately than nonstereotypical behaviors. Because memory was assessed with a recognition measure, these findings minimize the possibility that the results were due to differential reliance on stereotype-based retrieval cues by suppressors and non-suppressors. These findings have important implications for people's ability to successfully avoid stereotyping others.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-215
Number of pages11
JournalSocial Cognition
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Stereotyping
Aptitude
Cues
Control Groups
Recognition (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Stereotype suppression and recognition memory for stereotypical and nonstereotypical information. / Sherman, Jeffrey; Stroessner, Steven J.; Loftus, Shay T.; Deguzman, Glenn.

In: Social Cognition, Vol. 15, No. 3, 01.01.1997, p. 205-215.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sherman, Jeffrey ; Stroessner, Steven J. ; Loftus, Shay T. ; Deguzman, Glenn. / Stereotype suppression and recognition memory for stereotypical and nonstereotypical information. In: Social Cognition. 1997 ; Vol. 15, No. 3. pp. 205-215.
@article{9df686a336e543dc8f7d62d0158a68fb,
title = "Stereotype suppression and recognition memory for stereotypical and nonstereotypical information",
abstract = "In attempting to inhibit their stereotypes, suppressors may direct greater attention toward the very behaviors whose influence they seek to avoid. In an empirical demonstration of this effect, some participants were instructed to suppress their use of stereotypes while forming impressions of an Asian woman who revealed stereotypical and nonstereotypical behaviors. Unlike a control group who merely formed impressions, these suppressors later recognized stereotypical behaviors significantly more accurately than nonstereotypical behaviors. Because memory was assessed with a recognition measure, these findings minimize the possibility that the results were due to differential reliance on stereotype-based retrieval cues by suppressors and non-suppressors. These findings have important implications for people's ability to successfully avoid stereotyping others.",
author = "Jeffrey Sherman and Stroessner, {Steven J.} and Loftus, {Shay T.} and Glenn Deguzman",
year = "1997",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1521/soco.1997.15.3.205",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "205--215",
journal = "Social Cognition",
issn = "0278-016X",
publisher = "Guilford Publications",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stereotype suppression and recognition memory for stereotypical and nonstereotypical information

AU - Sherman, Jeffrey

AU - Stroessner, Steven J.

AU - Loftus, Shay T.

AU - Deguzman, Glenn

PY - 1997/1/1

Y1 - 1997/1/1

N2 - In attempting to inhibit their stereotypes, suppressors may direct greater attention toward the very behaviors whose influence they seek to avoid. In an empirical demonstration of this effect, some participants were instructed to suppress their use of stereotypes while forming impressions of an Asian woman who revealed stereotypical and nonstereotypical behaviors. Unlike a control group who merely formed impressions, these suppressors later recognized stereotypical behaviors significantly more accurately than nonstereotypical behaviors. Because memory was assessed with a recognition measure, these findings minimize the possibility that the results were due to differential reliance on stereotype-based retrieval cues by suppressors and non-suppressors. These findings have important implications for people's ability to successfully avoid stereotyping others.

AB - In attempting to inhibit their stereotypes, suppressors may direct greater attention toward the very behaviors whose influence they seek to avoid. In an empirical demonstration of this effect, some participants were instructed to suppress their use of stereotypes while forming impressions of an Asian woman who revealed stereotypical and nonstereotypical behaviors. Unlike a control group who merely formed impressions, these suppressors later recognized stereotypical behaviors significantly more accurately than nonstereotypical behaviors. Because memory was assessed with a recognition measure, these findings minimize the possibility that the results were due to differential reliance on stereotype-based retrieval cues by suppressors and non-suppressors. These findings have important implications for people's ability to successfully avoid stereotyping others.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031520060&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031520060&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1521/soco.1997.15.3.205

DO - 10.1521/soco.1997.15.3.205

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0031520060

VL - 15

SP - 205

EP - 215

JO - Social Cognition

JF - Social Cognition

SN - 0278-016X

IS - 3

ER -