In summary, stents used for vascular stenoses in infants and children with congenital heart disease can be divided into three major categories based on the adult size of the vessel to be stented. They include the medium-, large-, and extra-large-sized stents. While still limited, there is more than one stent choice available in each of the three categories. Each available stent has its own unique advantages and disadvantages. While there is not yet a perfect stent available for children with congenital heart disease, new stents with improved features such as the Genesis stent or the Mega LD and Max LD stents are being developed. Finally, when selecting the appropriate stent, the interventionist needs to recognize and prioritize the specific features and needs of the particular vessel to be stented, taking into consideration the size of the child and the technical aspects of the stent to be delivered to the target vessel.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging