Standing on the shoulders of giants: A scientific journey from Singapore to stem cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Cellular therapywas introduced in the early 1980s as adoptive immunotherapy for cancer and has nowexpanded to stem cell treatment for a wide variety of indications. During the same period, the concept of the fetus as a patient evolved from fantasy to everyday reality. The intersection of these two fields offers great potential for cures in childhood diseases. The fetal treatment of spina bifida is one such disease. Global surgery has also emerged as a cost effective approach to reducing the worldwide burden of childhood disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-22
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015



  • Fetal surgery
  • Global surgery
  • Spina bifida
  • Stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this