Standing female urogenital endoscopic surgery is facilitated by the more dorsal location of the organs of the female reproduction tract. The most common reason for laparoscopic surgery on the female urogenital system is ovariectomy; however, the technique has been used to diagnose periparturient or reproductive diseases and to perform surgical embryo transfer. Standing surgical approaches avoid the risk and expense of general anesthesia, but these techniques are limited by the temperament and size of the patient and the availability of facilities for restraint. Owner acceptance of laparoscopic procedures is excellent. It is anticipated that standing endoscopic surgery may become the preferred technique for applicable procedures.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Pages (from-to)||301-315, vi|
|Journal||The Veterinary clinics of North America. Equine practice|
|State||Published - Aug 2000|
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