St. Louis Encephalitis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

St. Louis encephalitis virus is a mosquito transmitted arbovirus that may cause severe epidemics of neuroinvasive disease. Although widely distributed throughout the North and South America, the largest recorded epidemics have occurred during warm summers in the United States. The maintenance cycle varies geographically and involves several species of Culex mosquitoes and several orders of peridomestic birds. Humans are infected tangentially and are a dead end in the transmission cycle. Because there is no cure, intervention focuses on preventive mosquito control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Virology
PublisherElsevier Ltd.
Pages652-659
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780123744104
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

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Keywords

  • Arbovirus
  • Central nervous system disease
  • Culex nigripalpus
  • Culex pipiens
  • Culex tarsalis
  • Encephalitis
  • House finches
  • House sparrows
  • Mosquito
  • Mourning doves
  • North America
  • St. Louis encephalitis virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

Reisen, W. (2008). St. Louis Encephalitis. In Encyclopedia of Virology (pp. 652-659). Elsevier Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012374410-4.00625-7