Spontaneous epidural hemorrhage has been described in a variety of clinical scenarios, including chronic renal failure (CRF). During hemodialysis, patients with CRF rarely develop spinal or cranial epidural hematomas. Such hemorrhages have been attributed to intracranial pressure fluctuations during hemodialysis, heparin administration, uremic-platelet syndrome, or hypertension. Although the exact pathophysiology is not understood, this rare consequence of hemodialysis has been well documented in the literature. Hemorrhage in the absence of hemodialysis therapy in a CRF patient, however, has not been previously reported. We report a 16-year-old boy with no history of trauma who woke in the morning with severe headache and resultant neurological deterioration. He was found to have a large left temperoparietal epidural hematoma and underwent urgent surgical evacuation. Postoperatively he developed a contralateral extra-axial hematoma that did not require surgical intervention. He recovered completely, with no significant neurological deficit. This unique presentation of spontaneous intracranial epidural hemorrhage in an adolescent not receiving hemodialysis highlights a rare, but serious, complication of CRF.
- Chronic renal failure
- Epidural hematoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health