Splenic trauma: WSES classification and guidelines for adult and pediatric patients

Federico Coccolini, Giulia Montori, Fausto Catena, Yoram Kluger, Walter Biffl, Ernest E. Moore, Viktor Reva, Camilla Bing, Miklosh Bala, Paola Fugazzola, Hany Bahouth, Ingo Marzi, George Velmahos, Rao Ivatury, Kjetil Soreide, Tal Horer, Richard ten Broek, Bruno M. Pereira, Gustavo P. Fraga, Kenji InabaJoseph Kashuk, Neil Parry, Peter T. Masiakos, Konstantinos S. Mylonas, Andrew Kirkpatrick, Fikri Abu-Zidan, Carlos Augusto Gomes, Simone Vasilij Benatti, Noel Naidoo, Francesco Salvetti, Stefano Maccatrozzo, Vanni Agnoletti, Emiliano Gamberini, Leonardo Solaini, Antonio Costanzo, Andrea Celotti, Matteo Tomasoni, Vladimir Khokha, Catherine Arvieux, Lena Napolitano, Lauri Handolin, Michele Pisano, Stefano Magnone, David A. Spain, Marc de Moya, Kimberly A. Davis, Nicola De Angelis, Ari Leppaniemi, Paula Ferrada, Rifat Latifi, David Costa Navarro, Yashuiro Otomo, Raul Coimbra, Ronald V. Maier, Frederick Moore, Sandro Rizoli, Boris Sakakushev, Joseph M Galante, Osvaldo Chiara, Stefania Cimbanassi, Alain Chichom Mefire, Dieter Weber, Marco Ceresoli, Andrew B. Peitzman, Liban Wehlie, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio, Luca Ansaloni

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spleen injuries are among the most frequent trauma-related injuries. At present, they are classified according to the anatomy of the injury. The optimal treatment strategy, however, should keep into consideration the hemodynamic status, the anatomic derangement, and the associated injuries. The management of splenic trauma patients aims to restore the homeostasis and the normal physiopathology especially considering the modern tools for bleeding management. Thus, the management of splenic trauma should be ultimately multidisciplinary and based on the physiology of the patient, the anatomy of the injury, and the associated lesions. Lastly, as the management of adults and children must be different, children should always be treated in dedicated pediatric trauma centers. In fact, the vast majority of pediatric patients with blunt splenic trauma can be managed non-operatively. This paper presents the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) classification of splenic trauma and the management guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number40
JournalWorld Journal of Emergency Surgery
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 18 2017

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Classification
  • Conservative
  • Embolization
  • Guidelines
  • Non-operative
  • Pediatric
  • Spleen
  • Surgery
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine

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