Between January 1976 and December 1987, 44 patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura were submitted to splenectomy. This study analyzes the results of treatment and the usefulness of several prognostic markers. There were 38 female patients and six males with a median age of 28.5 years (range 11 to 66 years). Forty two out of 44 patients received preoperative steroids. Seventy five percent achieved a satisfactory response to this treatment but 31 relapsed (in eight recurrence was observed when the steroid dose was tapered). Eleven patients persisted symptomatic notwithstanding medical treatment. In two cases splenectomy was performed as an emergency procedure, and in one patient who was already in remission with previous steroid treatment, splenectomy was performed for other medical reasons. Operative mortality rate was 4 percent, and five patients developed postoperative complications (three had pneumonia, one pulmonary thromboembolism and one would infection). Eighty four percent of the patients were free of disease at one year followup survival at 10 year period was 80 percent. No correlation was found between age, duration of symptoms, previous response to steroids or time-period of medical treatment with the results obtained with splenectomy.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Revista de Investigacion Clinica|
|State||Published - Jan 1990|
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