Speech recognition impairments in patients with intractable right temporal lobe epilepsy

Dana F. Boatman, Ronald P. Lesser, Nathan E. Crone, Gregory Krauss, Frederick A. Lenz, Diana L Miglioretti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate speech recognition in patients with focal intractable epilepsy and surgical resections in the nondominant (right) hemisphere. Methods: Speech recognition was tested prospectively, under different listening conditions, in 22 patients with right temporal lobe (11 patients) or extra-temporal lobe epilepsy. All were left-hemisphere dominant for language on preoperative intracarotid sodium amobarbital testing. Results: All patients demonstrated normal auditory recognition of words and environmental sounds before and after surgery. However, when real-world listening conditions were simulated by using acoustically degraded (filtered) words, patients with temporal lobe epilepsy performed significantly worse than patients with frontal or parietooccipital lobe epilepsy before and after surgery (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Patients with intractable right temporal lobe epilepsy are at risk for speech recognition impairments in real-world listening environments, independent of surgery. The impact of speech recognition difficulties on verbal communication, coupled with the prevalence of adverse listening environments, underscores the importance of testing speech recognition under different listening conditions in patients with intractable right temporal lobe epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1397-1401
Number of pages5
JournalEpilepsia
Volume47
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Auditory cortex
  • Right hemisphere
  • Speech perception
  • Temporal lobe epilepsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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