Cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC)1 from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) possess specific cell surface receptors for both homodimeric forms of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-AA and PDGF-BB), in contrast to cells from normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) animals, which express receptors only for the B-chain form of PDGF. Stimulation of quiescent VSMC from SHR with PDGF-AA resulted in activation of S6-kinase and induction of phosphoinositide catabolism, as well as cellular proliferation when cultures were maintained for prolonged periods with daily supplementation of the growth factor. WKY-derived VSMC showed no response to PDGF-AA, which was consistent with their lack of specific receptors for this homodimer. The responsiveness of quiescent cells from SHR and WKY to the B-chain homodimer was similar. The enhanced growth responsiveness of SHR-derived cells to fetal calf serum, as compared with cells from their normotensive counterparts, may be accounted for in part by their expression of receptors for the AA homodimer of PDGF.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - Oct 1990|
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