Spatiotemporal patterns of GFAP upregulation in rat brain following acute intoxication with diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP)

Cuimei Liu, Yonggang Li, Pamela J Lein, Byron D. Ford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations


We previously demonstrated that the organophosphate diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) induced region-specific delayed neuronal injury in rat brain. The goal of this study was to examine the spatiotemporal pattern of the astroglial response after acute intoxication of rats with DFP. Rats were euthanized at varying times between 1 h to 7 days after DFP administration (9mg/kg, i.p.). The distribution of activated astrocytes in different brain regions was determined by immunostaining for glial fibrillary acidic acid (GFAP). GFAP immunoreactivity increased in the hippocampus, and piriform/entorhinal cortex at 1 h, peaked between 4-8 h then decreased from 16 to 24 h. GFAP labeling in the amygdala gradually increased over the 24 h period. A large increase in GFAP labeling was seen at 3-7 days following DFP administration in the hippocampus, piriform/entorhinal cortex and dorsolateral thalamus. At 3 days post-DFP exposure, GFAP immunoreactivity was totally absent in central areas of the hippocampus, piriform/entorhinal cortex and dorsolateral thalamus that contained numerous FluoroJade B (FJB) labeled neurons. By 7 days, GFAP expression was highly upregulated in all areas of each brain region. The mRNA expression of GFAP in hippocampus slowly increased at 24 h following DFP administration then dramatically increased at 3 days. This study suggests that activation of glial cells may contribute to the early neuropathological changes and later neuronal repair/plasticity following acute DFP intoxication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-97
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Neurobiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2012



  • GFAP astrocytes organophosphate DFP intoxication seizure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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