Spatially Selective and Density-Controlled Activation of Interfacial Mechanophores

Audrey R. Sulkanen, Jaeuk Sung, Maxwell J. Robb, Jeffrey S. Moore, Nancy R. Sottos, Gang-yu Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mechanically sensitive molecules known as mechanophores have recently attracted much interest due to the need for mechanoresponsive materials. Maleimide-anthracene mechanophores located at the interface between poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) polymer brushes and Si wafer surfaces were activated locally using atomic force microscopy (AFM) probes to deliver mechanical stimulation. Each individual maleimide-anthracene mechanophore exhibits binary behavior: undergoing a retro-[4 + 2] cycloaddition reaction under high load to form a surface-bound anthracene moiety and free PGMA or remaining unchanged if the load falls below the activation threshold. In the context of nanolithography, this behavior allows the high spatial selectivity required for the design and production of complex and hierarchical patterns with nanometer precision. The high spatial precision and control reported in this work brings us closer to molecular level programming of surface chemistry, with promising applications such as 3D nanoprinting, production of coatings, and composite materials that require nanopatterning or texture control as well as nanodevices and sensors for measuring mechanical stress and damage in situ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4080-4085
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume141
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 6 2019

Fingerprint

Anthracene
Chemical activation
Nanolithography
Mechanical Stress
Cycloaddition
Atomic Force Microscopy
Cycloaddition Reaction
Brushes
Surface chemistry
Atomic force microscopy
Polymers
Textures
Coatings
Molecules
Sensors
Composite materials
anthracene
maleimide
polyglycidyl methacrylate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Spatially Selective and Density-Controlled Activation of Interfacial Mechanophores. / Sulkanen, Audrey R.; Sung, Jaeuk; Robb, Maxwell J.; Moore, Jeffrey S.; Sottos, Nancy R.; Liu, Gang-yu.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 141, No. 9, 06.03.2019, p. 4080-4085.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sulkanen, Audrey R. ; Sung, Jaeuk ; Robb, Maxwell J. ; Moore, Jeffrey S. ; Sottos, Nancy R. ; Liu, Gang-yu. / Spatially Selective and Density-Controlled Activation of Interfacial Mechanophores. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2019 ; Vol. 141, No. 9. pp. 4080-4085.
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