Distribuzione geografica dei campioni infetti dal virus H5n1 di influenza aviaria sottoposti ad analisi durante le fasi di introduzione e circolazione del virus in Nigeria tra il 2006 e il 2007

Translated title of the contribution: Spatial clustering of pathology submissions during the initial introduction and spread of avian influenza H5n1 in poultry in Nigeria in 2006-2007

Pius S. Ekong, Carol J. Cardona, Ward Bryssinckx, Chinyere Ikechukwu-Eneh, Lami H. Lombin, Tim Carpenter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus H5N1 spread throughout Nigeria between 2006 and 2007. Bird samples collected across the country were submitted through the free-of-charge (FOC) program to the National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (NVRI-Vom) laboratory. The present article describes the spatial distributions and evaluated clustering of the FOC submissions from poultry farms at the global, local, and focal levels between 2006 and 2007 epidemic in Nigeria. Spatial statistics evaluating clustering of the FOC submissions were implemented using the Moran’s I test, the purely spatial cluster analysis with the SaTScan Poisson model, and the Bithell's linear score test. A significant global clustering of the FOC submissions was observed. Significant local clusters of submissions were observed in the North-East, North-Central, and South-West zones. There was significant decline in FOC submissions with increasing distance from NVRI-Vom. These results indicated that the geographic area of influence of the FOC submission program in Nigeria was limited to regions closer to the diagnostic laboratory. This work provides a detailed insight into the surveillance activities during the HPAI outbreaks in Nigeria, and should assist policy-makers and field veterinarians to improve the effectiveness of national eradication plans in the face of any outbreak of animal diseases.

Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinaria italiana
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Influenza in Birds
avian influenza
Poultry
Nigeria
Cluster Analysis
poultry
Pathology
Disease Outbreaks
Animal Diseases
Spatial Analysis
Veterinarians
animal diseases
Orthomyxoviridae
Administrative Personnel
Influenza A virus
Birds
veterinarians
Linear Models
cluster analysis
statistics

Keywords

  • Avian influenza
  • Disease spread
  • HPAI-H5N1
  • Nigeria
  • Pathology submission
  • Poultry
  • Spatial clustering
  • Surveillance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Distribuzione geografica dei campioni infetti dal virus H5n1 di influenza aviaria sottoposti ad analisi durante le fasi di introduzione e circolazione del virus in Nigeria tra il 2006 e il 2007. / Ekong, Pius S.; Cardona, Carol J.; Bryssinckx, Ward; Ikechukwu-Eneh, Chinyere; Lombin, Lami H.; Carpenter, Tim.

In: Veterinaria italiana, Vol. 54, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 13-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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