Rabbits were hyperimmunized with live, formalin-killed, and heat-treated antigen preparations of the reference strains of serotypes 1 through 5 of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in order to study the antibody response to both soluble and particulate antigens. The antibody response was studied by means of precipitation, agglutination, coagglutination, indirect hemagglutination, and complement fixation tests. Serotyping of A. pleuropneumoniae strains was done by ring precipitation (RP) and coagglutination (CoA) tests with unheated and heated cell-saline extract as antigens and rabbit hyperimmune sera produced against either live cultures or formalin-killed whole-cell suspensions. The results showed that live cultures provoked more cross-reactive antibodies in rabbits, thus making the antisera unsuitable for use in serotyping by the RP test when unheated wholecell saline extract was used as antigen. Rabbit hyperimmune serum produced against formalinkilled bacterial suspension gave serotype-specific reactions in the RP test. Boiled or autoclaved cell-saline extracts gave serotype-specific reactions in the RP test even when rabbit anti-livecell sera were used. Serotype-specific reactions were obtained in the CoA test in both rabbit anti-live or anti-formalin-killed cell sera with either unheated or heated bacterial cell suspensions as antigens. Live and formalin-killed whole-cell suspensions as well as their saline extracts provoked a high antibody response in rabbits. Heating the cell suspension at 100°C for 1 h caused a significant reduction in their immunogenic potency, whereas autoclaving (121°C) of the cell suspension for 1 h almost completely destroyed their serotype-specific immunogenic properties, since the antibody response was either absent or very poor and not type-specific. However, neither boiling nor autoclaving of the cell suspensions caused significant reduction in their ability to react with preformed antibodies. Phenol-water-extracted antigens gave the highest degree of serotype specificity in the complement fixation test.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology