Solvent effects on fluorine shielding in fluorobenzene

Edmond Y Lau, J. T. Gerig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Computer simulations of fluorobenzene dissolved in ten organic liquids and water have been used to explore the origins of solvent-induced changes in the fluorine chemical shielding parameter when this molecule is transferred from the gas phase to a solvent. Relying on recent theoretical calculations, it is demonstrated that short range (van der Waals) interactions between the fluorine nucleus and solvent molecules are the predominant source of shielding parameter changes. Electric fields created by the solvent also have a detectable effect on shielding. The approaches used to estimate the van der Waals and electrostatic contributions inherently contain adjustable parameters and, if these are optimized, excellent agreement between calculated shielding effects and those found experimentally is obtained. The treatment used leads to reliable estimates of solvent-induced changes for solvents as diverse as water, hexane, and methylene iodide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1194-1200
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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