Soluble epoxide hydrolase homologs in Strongylocentrotus purpuratus suggest a gene duplication event and subsequent divergence

Todd R. Harris, Pavel A. Aronov, Bruce D. Hammock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mammalian soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is a multidomain enzyme composed of C- and N-terminal regions that contain active sites for epoxide hydrolase (EH) and phosphatase activities, respectively. We report the cloning of two 60 kDa multidomain enzymes from the purple sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus displaying significant sequence similarity to both the N- and C-terminal domains of the mammalian sEH. While one urchin enzyme did not exhibit EH activity, the second enzyme hydrolyzed several lipid messenger molecules metabolized by the mammalian sEH, including the epoxyeicosatrienoic acids. Neither of the urchin enzymes displayed phosphatase activity. The urchin EH was inhibited by small molecule inhibitors of the mammalian sEH and is the likely ancestor of the enzyme. Sequence comparisons suggest that the urchin sEH homologs are the result of a gene fusion event between a gene encoding for an EH and a gene for an enzyme of undetermined function. This fusion event was followed by a duplication event to produce the urchin enzymes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)467-477
Number of pages11
JournalDNA and Cell Biology
Volume27
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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