Soluble epoxide hydrolase deficiency or inhibition attenuates diet-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress in liver and adipose tissue

Ahmed Bettaieb, Naoto Nagata, Daniel AbouBechara, Samah Chahed, Christophe Morisseau, Bruce D. Hammock, Fawaz Haj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is a cytosolic enzyme whose inhibition has beneficial effects in cardiovascular, inflammatory, and metabolic diseases in murine models. Mice with targeted deletion or pharmacological inhibition of sEH exhibit improved insulin signaling in liver and adipose tissue. Herein, we assessed the role of sEH in regulating endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in liver and adipose tissue. We report that sEH expression was increased in the livers and adipose tissue of mice fed a high fat diet, the adipose tissue of overweight humans, and palmitate-treated cells. Importantly, sEH deficiency or inhibition in mice attenuated chronic high fat diet-induced ER stress in liver and adipose tissue. Similarly, pharmacological inhibition of sEH in HepG2 cells and 3T3-L1 adipocytes mitigated chemical-induced ER stress and activation of JNK, p38, and cell death. In addition, insulin signaling was enhanced in HepG2 cells treated with sEH substrates and attenuated in cells treated with sEH products. In summary, these findings demonstrate that sEH is a physiological modulator of ER stress and a potential target for mitigating complications associated with obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14189-14199
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume288
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - May 17 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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