Soft-x-ray amplification in a laser-produced strontium plasma

C. J. Keane, Dennis L Matthews, M. D. Rosen, T. W. Phillips, B. J. MacGowan, B. L. Whitten, M. Louis-Jacquet, J. L. Bourgade, A. Decoster, S. Jacquemot, D. Naccache, G. Thiell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Amplification of soft x rays in Sr (Z=38) plasmas produced by second-harmonic laser irradiation of exploding foil targets is studied. Gains of 4.4 and 4.0 cm-1, respectively, have been measured for the 164.1- and 166.5- J=2 to 1 transitions in Ne-like Sr at laser intensities of 1.3×1014 W/cm2. Numerous x-ray and soft-x-ray transitions were identified in order to demonstrate typical spectra from x-ray laser plasmas and infer information regarding the plasma ionization balance. The J=0 to 1 transition at 159.8, analogous to the well-known Se J=0 to 1 line at 182.4, was not definitively observed due to a wavelength overlap with a Na-like Sr line. Two other J=0 to 1 transitions of interest at 84.9 and 133.0 were not observed. Reduced gain on the J=2 to 1 lasing lines was seen for several shots taken at a lower pump laser intensity of 7.0×1013 W/cm2. Possible reasons for this are considered. The results of this work imply the feasibility of a high-output-power cavity geometry Ne-like Sr x-ray laser operating at 164.1 and 166.5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2327-2339
Number of pages13
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Keane, C. J., Matthews, D. L., Rosen, M. D., Phillips, T. W., MacGowan, B. J., Whitten, B. L., Louis-Jacquet, M., Bourgade, J. L., Decoster, A., Jacquemot, S., Naccache, D., & Thiell, G. (1990). Soft-x-ray amplification in a laser-produced strontium plasma. Physical Review A, 42(4), 2327-2339. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.42.2327