Soft-tissue reconstruction of an open tibial wound in the distal third of the leg: A new treatment algorithm

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Abstract

Over the past 4 years, a total of 33 patients, each with an open tibial wound in the distal third of the leg, underwent a skin-grafted muscle flap reconstruction according to the new treatment algorithm developed by the author. When the size of the soft-tissue defect was less than 50 cm, a pedicled medial hemisoleus muscle flap was used for the soft-tissue coverage (n = 20). If the soleus muscle was traumatized, a small free muscle flap (ie, gracilis) was then used (n = 3). When the size of the soft-tissue defect was greater than 50 cm, a larger free muscle flap (ie, rectus abdominis or latissimus dorsi) was selected (n = 10). All patients were followed for up to 4 years. Three patients with a medial hemisoleus muscle flap developed insignificant distal flap necrosis and were treated subsequently with debridement and flap advancement. Five patients with a free muscle flap required an additional operation, and 2 patients had a subsequent debulking procedure of the flap for contour improvement of the leg. Reliable soft-tissue coverage with a well-healed tibial wound, evident fracture healing, and good contour of the leg were achieved in all 33 patients during follow-up. Following this new treatment algorithm, a selected option for an open tibial wound in the distal third of the leg can provide reliable soft-tissue coverage for different sizes of open tibial wounds and may offer a more cost-effective approach for managing such a complex clinical problem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-83
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Plastic Surgery
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Leg
Muscles
Free Tissue Flaps
Wounds and Injuries
Therapeutics
Rectus Abdominis
Fracture Healing
Superficial Back Muscles
Debridement
Skeletal Muscle
Necrosis
Costs and Cost Analysis
Skin

Keywords

  • Distal leg
  • Muscle flap
  • Reconstruction
  • Tibial wound
  • Treatment algorithm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

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abstract = "Over the past 4 years, a total of 33 patients, each with an open tibial wound in the distal third of the leg, underwent a skin-grafted muscle flap reconstruction according to the new treatment algorithm developed by the author. When the size of the soft-tissue defect was less than 50 cm, a pedicled medial hemisoleus muscle flap was used for the soft-tissue coverage (n = 20). If the soleus muscle was traumatized, a small free muscle flap (ie, gracilis) was then used (n = 3). When the size of the soft-tissue defect was greater than 50 cm, a larger free muscle flap (ie, rectus abdominis or latissimus dorsi) was selected (n = 10). All patients were followed for up to 4 years. Three patients with a medial hemisoleus muscle flap developed insignificant distal flap necrosis and were treated subsequently with debridement and flap advancement. Five patients with a free muscle flap required an additional operation, and 2 patients had a subsequent debulking procedure of the flap for contour improvement of the leg. Reliable soft-tissue coverage with a well-healed tibial wound, evident fracture healing, and good contour of the leg were achieved in all 33 patients during follow-up. Following this new treatment algorithm, a selected option for an open tibial wound in the distal third of the leg can provide reliable soft-tissue coverage for different sizes of open tibial wounds and may offer a more cost-effective approach for managing such a complex clinical problem.",
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