Social Disparities in Thoracic Surgery Education

Luis A. Godoy, Elise Hill, David T. Cooke

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Despite an ever-diversifying US population, women, and underrepresented minorities lack proportionate membership in the CT surgery workforce. CT surgery is the surgical specialty practiced by the oldest surgeons as a group. This highlights a deficit within our specialty and foreshadows a shrinking of the CT surgery workforce that will be compounded by a lack of diversity as the workforce ages. If CT surgery is to continue to advance forward and attract the brightest, most skilled, and innovative people, we must invite, encourage, and guide qualified individuals from all races, cultures, genders, sexual orientations, and experiences to join us.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-102
Number of pages12
JournalThoracic surgery clinics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Disparities
  • Diversity
  • Inclusion
  • Mentorship
  • Pipeline
  • Workforce

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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