Social correlates of the chronic stress of perceived racism among black women

Anissa I. Vines, Donna D. Baird, Maya McNeilly, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Kathleen C. Light, June Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: This study describes the perceptions of racism, passive and active responses to this psychosocial stressor, and it examines socioeconomic correlates of perceived racism in an economically diverse population of Black women. Methods: The Telephone-Administered Perceived Racism Scale was administered to 476 Black women, aged 36 to 53 years, who were randomly selected from a large health plan. Results: The percentage of respondents who reported personally experiencing racism in the past five years ranged from 66% to 93%, depending on the specific item asked. When respondents were asked about racism toward Blacks as a group, perceptions of racism were even higher. For example, 68% "agreed" or "strongly agreed" that they had personally experienced being followed or watched while shopping because of their race, and 93% reported that Blacks in general experience this form of discrimination. Strong emotional responses to racism were often reported, and though more respondents (41%) reported experiencing very strong active emotions including anger, a substantial group (16%) reported experiencing very strong passive emotions such as powerlessness. Higher education was associated with higher perceived racism, while growing up in a middle-income or well-off family was associated with lower perceived racism and reduced likelihood of passive responses to racism. Conclusions: The high prevalence of perceived racism in this study population warrants further examination of this stressor as a potential determinant of racial health disparities. Higher education and income do not appear to protect women from experiencing racism and feeling hopeless or powerless in response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-107
Number of pages7
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Volume16
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2006

Fingerprint

Racism
Emotions
Education
Health
Anger
Telephone
Population

Keywords

  • Perceived racism
  • Racial discrimination
  • Racism
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Vines, A. I., Baird, D. D., McNeilly, M., Hertz-Picciotto, I., Light, K. C., & Stevens, J. (2006). Social correlates of the chronic stress of perceived racism among black women. Ethnicity and Disease, 16(1), 101-107.

Social correlates of the chronic stress of perceived racism among black women. / Vines, Anissa I.; Baird, Donna D.; McNeilly, Maya; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva; Light, Kathleen C.; Stevens, June.

In: Ethnicity and Disease, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2006, p. 101-107.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vines, AI, Baird, DD, McNeilly, M, Hertz-Picciotto, I, Light, KC & Stevens, J 2006, 'Social correlates of the chronic stress of perceived racism among black women', Ethnicity and Disease, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 101-107.
Vines, Anissa I. ; Baird, Donna D. ; McNeilly, Maya ; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva ; Light, Kathleen C. ; Stevens, June. / Social correlates of the chronic stress of perceived racism among black women. In: Ethnicity and Disease. 2006 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 101-107.
@article{5e91c793a3b64745bc4e7dd33219b0b3,
title = "Social correlates of the chronic stress of perceived racism among black women",
abstract = "Objectives: This study describes the perceptions of racism, passive and active responses to this psychosocial stressor, and it examines socioeconomic correlates of perceived racism in an economically diverse population of Black women. Methods: The Telephone-Administered Perceived Racism Scale was administered to 476 Black women, aged 36 to 53 years, who were randomly selected from a large health plan. Results: The percentage of respondents who reported personally experiencing racism in the past five years ranged from 66{\%} to 93{\%}, depending on the specific item asked. When respondents were asked about racism toward Blacks as a group, perceptions of racism were even higher. For example, 68{\%} {"}agreed{"} or {"}strongly agreed{"} that they had personally experienced being followed or watched while shopping because of their race, and 93{\%} reported that Blacks in general experience this form of discrimination. Strong emotional responses to racism were often reported, and though more respondents (41{\%}) reported experiencing very strong active emotions including anger, a substantial group (16{\%}) reported experiencing very strong passive emotions such as powerlessness. Higher education was associated with higher perceived racism, while growing up in a middle-income or well-off family was associated with lower perceived racism and reduced likelihood of passive responses to racism. Conclusions: The high prevalence of perceived racism in this study population warrants further examination of this stressor as a potential determinant of racial health disparities. Higher education and income do not appear to protect women from experiencing racism and feeling hopeless or powerless in response.",
keywords = "Perceived racism, Racial discrimination, Racism, Stress",
author = "Vines, {Anissa I.} and Baird, {Donna D.} and Maya McNeilly and Irva Hertz-Picciotto and Light, {Kathleen C.} and June Stevens",
year = "2006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
pages = "101--107",
journal = "Ethnicity and Disease",
issn = "1049-510X",
publisher = "ISHIB",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social correlates of the chronic stress of perceived racism among black women

AU - Vines, Anissa I.

AU - Baird, Donna D.

AU - McNeilly, Maya

AU - Hertz-Picciotto, Irva

AU - Light, Kathleen C.

AU - Stevens, June

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Objectives: This study describes the perceptions of racism, passive and active responses to this psychosocial stressor, and it examines socioeconomic correlates of perceived racism in an economically diverse population of Black women. Methods: The Telephone-Administered Perceived Racism Scale was administered to 476 Black women, aged 36 to 53 years, who were randomly selected from a large health plan. Results: The percentage of respondents who reported personally experiencing racism in the past five years ranged from 66% to 93%, depending on the specific item asked. When respondents were asked about racism toward Blacks as a group, perceptions of racism were even higher. For example, 68% "agreed" or "strongly agreed" that they had personally experienced being followed or watched while shopping because of their race, and 93% reported that Blacks in general experience this form of discrimination. Strong emotional responses to racism were often reported, and though more respondents (41%) reported experiencing very strong active emotions including anger, a substantial group (16%) reported experiencing very strong passive emotions such as powerlessness. Higher education was associated with higher perceived racism, while growing up in a middle-income or well-off family was associated with lower perceived racism and reduced likelihood of passive responses to racism. Conclusions: The high prevalence of perceived racism in this study population warrants further examination of this stressor as a potential determinant of racial health disparities. Higher education and income do not appear to protect women from experiencing racism and feeling hopeless or powerless in response.

AB - Objectives: This study describes the perceptions of racism, passive and active responses to this psychosocial stressor, and it examines socioeconomic correlates of perceived racism in an economically diverse population of Black women. Methods: The Telephone-Administered Perceived Racism Scale was administered to 476 Black women, aged 36 to 53 years, who were randomly selected from a large health plan. Results: The percentage of respondents who reported personally experiencing racism in the past five years ranged from 66% to 93%, depending on the specific item asked. When respondents were asked about racism toward Blacks as a group, perceptions of racism were even higher. For example, 68% "agreed" or "strongly agreed" that they had personally experienced being followed or watched while shopping because of their race, and 93% reported that Blacks in general experience this form of discrimination. Strong emotional responses to racism were often reported, and though more respondents (41%) reported experiencing very strong active emotions including anger, a substantial group (16%) reported experiencing very strong passive emotions such as powerlessness. Higher education was associated with higher perceived racism, while growing up in a middle-income or well-off family was associated with lower perceived racism and reduced likelihood of passive responses to racism. Conclusions: The high prevalence of perceived racism in this study population warrants further examination of this stressor as a potential determinant of racial health disparities. Higher education and income do not appear to protect women from experiencing racism and feeling hopeless or powerless in response.

KW - Perceived racism

KW - Racial discrimination

KW - Racism

KW - Stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33744997179&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33744997179&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 16599356

AN - SCOPUS:33744997179

VL - 16

SP - 101

EP - 107

JO - Ethnicity and Disease

JF - Ethnicity and Disease

SN - 1049-510X

IS - 1

ER -