Social and temporal comparisons made by individuals living with HIV disease: Relationships to adherence behavior

Laura M. Bogart, Michelle L. Gray-Bernhardt, Sheryl L Catz, Barbara R. Hartmann, Laura L. Otto-Salaj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When faced with the uncertainty of serious illness, individuals cope by comparing themselves to other people (social comparisons) and to other times in their lives (temporal comparisons). Participants were 44 individuals being treated for HIV who completed questionnaires measuring comparisons, adherence, and self-efficacy; 34 also completed qualitative interviews that were coded for comparisons. High levels of comparison to worse-off others, worse-off past selves, and better-off furore selves were prevalent. Comparisons to worse-off others resulting in positive affect were associated with greater medication adherence; comparisons to better-off others resulting in negative affect were related to worse adherence. Self-efficacy to adhere mediated the relationship between comparison and adherence. Individuals who are uncertain about treatment outcomes may engage in social comparison to gain specific knowledge about adherence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1551-1576
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume32
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Self Efficacy
HIV
Ego
Medication Adherence
Uncertainty
Interviews
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Social and temporal comparisons made by individuals living with HIV disease : Relationships to adherence behavior. / Bogart, Laura M.; Gray-Bernhardt, Michelle L.; Catz, Sheryl L; Hartmann, Barbara R.; Otto-Salaj, Laura L.

In: Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 32, No. 8, 01.08.2002, p. 1551-1576.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bogart, Laura M. ; Gray-Bernhardt, Michelle L. ; Catz, Sheryl L ; Hartmann, Barbara R. ; Otto-Salaj, Laura L. / Social and temporal comparisons made by individuals living with HIV disease : Relationships to adherence behavior. In: Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 2002 ; Vol. 32, No. 8. pp. 1551-1576.
@article{e0cc25c5db5541efb5d205210269daed,
title = "Social and temporal comparisons made by individuals living with HIV disease: Relationships to adherence behavior",
abstract = "When faced with the uncertainty of serious illness, individuals cope by comparing themselves to other people (social comparisons) and to other times in their lives (temporal comparisons). Participants were 44 individuals being treated for HIV who completed questionnaires measuring comparisons, adherence, and self-efficacy; 34 also completed qualitative interviews that were coded for comparisons. High levels of comparison to worse-off others, worse-off past selves, and better-off furore selves were prevalent. Comparisons to worse-off others resulting in positive affect were associated with greater medication adherence; comparisons to better-off others resulting in negative affect were related to worse adherence. Self-efficacy to adhere mediated the relationship between comparison and adherence. Individuals who are uncertain about treatment outcomes may engage in social comparison to gain specific knowledge about adherence.",
author = "Bogart, {Laura M.} and Gray-Bernhardt, {Michelle L.} and Catz, {Sheryl L} and Hartmann, {Barbara R.} and Otto-Salaj, {Laura L.}",
year = "2002",
month = "8",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "1551--1576",
journal = "Journal of Applied Social Psychology",
issn = "0021-9029",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social and temporal comparisons made by individuals living with HIV disease

T2 - Relationships to adherence behavior

AU - Bogart, Laura M.

AU - Gray-Bernhardt, Michelle L.

AU - Catz, Sheryl L

AU - Hartmann, Barbara R.

AU - Otto-Salaj, Laura L.

PY - 2002/8/1

Y1 - 2002/8/1

N2 - When faced with the uncertainty of serious illness, individuals cope by comparing themselves to other people (social comparisons) and to other times in their lives (temporal comparisons). Participants were 44 individuals being treated for HIV who completed questionnaires measuring comparisons, adherence, and self-efficacy; 34 also completed qualitative interviews that were coded for comparisons. High levels of comparison to worse-off others, worse-off past selves, and better-off furore selves were prevalent. Comparisons to worse-off others resulting in positive affect were associated with greater medication adherence; comparisons to better-off others resulting in negative affect were related to worse adherence. Self-efficacy to adhere mediated the relationship between comparison and adherence. Individuals who are uncertain about treatment outcomes may engage in social comparison to gain specific knowledge about adherence.

AB - When faced with the uncertainty of serious illness, individuals cope by comparing themselves to other people (social comparisons) and to other times in their lives (temporal comparisons). Participants were 44 individuals being treated for HIV who completed questionnaires measuring comparisons, adherence, and self-efficacy; 34 also completed qualitative interviews that were coded for comparisons. High levels of comparison to worse-off others, worse-off past selves, and better-off furore selves were prevalent. Comparisons to worse-off others resulting in positive affect were associated with greater medication adherence; comparisons to better-off others resulting in negative affect were related to worse adherence. Self-efficacy to adhere mediated the relationship between comparison and adherence. Individuals who are uncertain about treatment outcomes may engage in social comparison to gain specific knowledge about adherence.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036704723&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036704723&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0036704723

VL - 32

SP - 1551

EP - 1576

JO - Journal of Applied Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Applied Social Psychology

SN - 0021-9029

IS - 8

ER -