Tobacco use among Vietnamese adult males in the United States is higher than the general population. Less is known about the role of knowledge and attitudes of smoking in smoking status. This study describes the smoking prevalence, practices, support, knowledge, and attitudes among Vietnamese American men by smoking status. We administrated a cross-sectional in-person health questionnaire to randomly selected Vietnamese men (18-64 years of age) living in Seattle, Washington, using bilingual, bicultural Vietnamese male interviewers (N=509). The response rate was 79%; the cooperation rate was 82%. Sixty-four percent of respondents had a history of smoking: 37% current, 27% former, and 36% never smokers. Smoking prevalence was lowest among men aged 18-29 years. Among smokers, 81% smoked 1 to 10 cigarettes per day, 69% wanted to quit, and 48% planned to do so in the next 6 months. Twelve percent of smokers reported smoking was allowed in the home. On average, respondents correctly answered six out of seven questions regarding health risks related to smoking. In logistic regression analyses, being a current smoker was negatively associated with a higher knowledge score (OR=0.83, 95% CI 0.71-0.97). Adjusted odds of being a current smoker were 3.77 times higher among men who agreed with the attitude statement "It is appropriate for Vietnamese men to smoke when with friends." (OR=2.15, 95% CI 1.28-3.61). The findings suggest a great need to develop appropriate tobacco-control interventions to lower smoking prevalence, improve tobacco-related health knowledge, and reduce the acceptance of smoking among Vietnamese American men.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health