Sleep architecture in infants of substance-abusing mothers

Alan Hanft, Melissa Burnham, Beth Goodlin-Jones, Thomas F. Anders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This longitudinal, year-long study compared sleep-wake state organization in two groups of infants-infants whose mothers abused substances during their pregnancies and nonexposed, typically developing, age-matched comparison infants-to determine whether differences in sleep-wake state organization existed between the two groups. Seventeen infants of mothers who were participating in a parent-infant residential treatment program for substance abuse were enrolled. Their sleep-wake state organization over the first year of life was compared to that of 17 age-matched comparison infants. The intent was to follow each infant on five occasions over the first year of life using established methods of time-lapse videosomnography to record sleep-wake state organization; however, attrition in the substance-abusing group was problematic. Some sleep-wake variables (i.e., Active Sleep%, Quiet Sleep%, Awake%, number of nighttime awakenings) were similar for both groups of infants at comparable ages across the first year. Total sleep time and the longest sustained sleep period (sleep continuity variables) differed significantly at some of the ages measured. Although overall sleep architecture appears highly resilient and well organized, some indications of sleep fragmentation and shortened nighttime sleep periods were observed in the substance-exposed infants. More research is needed to explain why sleep-continuity variables and not sleep-state proportion variables differed between the two groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-151
Number of pages11
JournalInfant Mental Health Journal
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2006

Fingerprint

Sleep
Mothers
Organizations
Residential Treatment
Sleep Deprivation
Substance-Related Disorders
Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Hanft, A., Burnham, M., Goodlin-Jones, B., & Anders, T. F. (2006). Sleep architecture in infants of substance-abusing mothers. Infant Mental Health Journal, 27(2), 141-151. https://doi.org/10.1002/imhj.20085

Sleep architecture in infants of substance-abusing mothers. / Hanft, Alan; Burnham, Melissa; Goodlin-Jones, Beth; Anders, Thomas F.

In: Infant Mental Health Journal, Vol. 27, No. 2, 03.2006, p. 141-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hanft, A, Burnham, M, Goodlin-Jones, B & Anders, TF 2006, 'Sleep architecture in infants of substance-abusing mothers', Infant Mental Health Journal, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 141-151. https://doi.org/10.1002/imhj.20085
Hanft, Alan ; Burnham, Melissa ; Goodlin-Jones, Beth ; Anders, Thomas F. / Sleep architecture in infants of substance-abusing mothers. In: Infant Mental Health Journal. 2006 ; Vol. 27, No. 2. pp. 141-151.
@article{214be28869104c21aef050581545ae92,
title = "Sleep architecture in infants of substance-abusing mothers",
abstract = "This longitudinal, year-long study compared sleep-wake state organization in two groups of infants-infants whose mothers abused substances during their pregnancies and nonexposed, typically developing, age-matched comparison infants-to determine whether differences in sleep-wake state organization existed between the two groups. Seventeen infants of mothers who were participating in a parent-infant residential treatment program for substance abuse were enrolled. Their sleep-wake state organization over the first year of life was compared to that of 17 age-matched comparison infants. The intent was to follow each infant on five occasions over the first year of life using established methods of time-lapse videosomnography to record sleep-wake state organization; however, attrition in the substance-abusing group was problematic. Some sleep-wake variables (i.e., Active Sleep{\%}, Quiet Sleep{\%}, Awake{\%}, number of nighttime awakenings) were similar for both groups of infants at comparable ages across the first year. Total sleep time and the longest sustained sleep period (sleep continuity variables) differed significantly at some of the ages measured. Although overall sleep architecture appears highly resilient and well organized, some indications of sleep fragmentation and shortened nighttime sleep periods were observed in the substance-exposed infants. More research is needed to explain why sleep-continuity variables and not sleep-state proportion variables differed between the two groups.",
author = "Alan Hanft and Melissa Burnham and Beth Goodlin-Jones and Anders, {Thomas F.}",
year = "2006",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1002/imhj.20085",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "141--151",
journal = "Infant Mental Health Journal",
issn = "0163-9641",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sleep architecture in infants of substance-abusing mothers

AU - Hanft, Alan

AU - Burnham, Melissa

AU - Goodlin-Jones, Beth

AU - Anders, Thomas F.

PY - 2006/3

Y1 - 2006/3

N2 - This longitudinal, year-long study compared sleep-wake state organization in two groups of infants-infants whose mothers abused substances during their pregnancies and nonexposed, typically developing, age-matched comparison infants-to determine whether differences in sleep-wake state organization existed between the two groups. Seventeen infants of mothers who were participating in a parent-infant residential treatment program for substance abuse were enrolled. Their sleep-wake state organization over the first year of life was compared to that of 17 age-matched comparison infants. The intent was to follow each infant on five occasions over the first year of life using established methods of time-lapse videosomnography to record sleep-wake state organization; however, attrition in the substance-abusing group was problematic. Some sleep-wake variables (i.e., Active Sleep%, Quiet Sleep%, Awake%, number of nighttime awakenings) were similar for both groups of infants at comparable ages across the first year. Total sleep time and the longest sustained sleep period (sleep continuity variables) differed significantly at some of the ages measured. Although overall sleep architecture appears highly resilient and well organized, some indications of sleep fragmentation and shortened nighttime sleep periods were observed in the substance-exposed infants. More research is needed to explain why sleep-continuity variables and not sleep-state proportion variables differed between the two groups.

AB - This longitudinal, year-long study compared sleep-wake state organization in two groups of infants-infants whose mothers abused substances during their pregnancies and nonexposed, typically developing, age-matched comparison infants-to determine whether differences in sleep-wake state organization existed between the two groups. Seventeen infants of mothers who were participating in a parent-infant residential treatment program for substance abuse were enrolled. Their sleep-wake state organization over the first year of life was compared to that of 17 age-matched comparison infants. The intent was to follow each infant on five occasions over the first year of life using established methods of time-lapse videosomnography to record sleep-wake state organization; however, attrition in the substance-abusing group was problematic. Some sleep-wake variables (i.e., Active Sleep%, Quiet Sleep%, Awake%, number of nighttime awakenings) were similar for both groups of infants at comparable ages across the first year. Total sleep time and the longest sustained sleep period (sleep continuity variables) differed significantly at some of the ages measured. Although overall sleep architecture appears highly resilient and well organized, some indications of sleep fragmentation and shortened nighttime sleep periods were observed in the substance-exposed infants. More research is needed to explain why sleep-continuity variables and not sleep-state proportion variables differed between the two groups.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33646078915&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33646078915&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/imhj.20085

DO - 10.1002/imhj.20085

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33646078915

VL - 27

SP - 141

EP - 151

JO - Infant Mental Health Journal

JF - Infant Mental Health Journal

SN - 0163-9641

IS - 2

ER -