Sleep and daytime functioning: A short-term longitudinal study of three preschool-age comparison groups

Thomas Anders, Ana-Maria Iosif, A. J. Schwichtenberg, Karen Tang, Beth Goodlin-Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined sleep, sleepiness, and daytime performance in 68 children with autism, 57 children with intellectual disability (ID), and 69 typically developing preschool children. Children in the autism and ID groups had poorer daytime performance and behaviors than the typically developing children. Children in the ID group also were significantly sleepier than children in both the autism and typically developing groups. These significant differences persisted over 6 months. Actigraph-defined sleep behaviors and problems did not relate to daytime sleepiness or daytime performance and behaviors for the children with autism or the typically developing group. For the ID group, longer night awakenings and lower sleep efficiency predicted more daytime sleepiness. For each group, parent-report sleep problems were associated with more daytime sleepiness and more behavior problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-290
Number of pages16
JournalAmerican Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Volume117
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Behavior
  • Intellectual disability
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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