Simultaneous directional full-field OCT using path-length and carrier multiplexing

Denise Valente, Kari V. Vienola, Robert J. Zawadzki, Ravi S. Jonnal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Full-field swept-source optical coherence tomography (FF-SS-OCT) is an emerging technology with potential applications in ophthalmic imaging, microscopy, metrology, and other domains. Here we demonstrate a novel method of multiplexing FF-SS-OCT signals using carrier modulation (CM). The principle of CM could be used to inspect various properties of the scattered light, e.g. its spectrum, polarization, Doppler shift, or distribution in the pupil. The last of these will be explored in this work, where CM was used to acquire images passing through two different optical pupils. The two pupils contained semicircular optical windows with perpendicular orientations, with each window permitting measurement of scattering anisotropy in one dimension by inducing an optical delay between the images formed by the two halves of the pupil. Together, the two forms of multiplexing permit measurement of differential scattering anisotropy in the x and y dimensions simultaneously. To demonstrate the feasibility of this technique our carrier multiplexed directional FF-OCT (CM-D-FF-OCT) system was used to acquire images of a microlens array, human hair, onion skin and in vivo human retina. The results of these studies are presented and briefly discussed in the context of future development and application of this technique.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32179-32195
Number of pages17
JournalOptics Express
Issue number20
StatePublished - Sep 27 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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