Similarities and differences in attitudes toward long-term care between Japanese Americans and Caucasian Americans

Wayne C. McCormick, Cynthia Y. Ohata, Jay Uomoto, Heather M Young, Amy B. Graves, Walter Kukull, Linda Teri, Peter Vitaliano, James A. Mortimer, Susan M. McCurry, James D. Bowen, Eric B. Larson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare attitudes toward the use of long-term care between older Japanese Americans (n = 1,244) and older Caucasian Americans (n = 1,354). When presented with a hypothetical situation in which they have dementia, 39% of older Japanese Americans and 42% of older Caucasians intended to be cared for at home, whereas 53% versus 38%, respectively, intended to use nursing home care (P < .001). If the hypothetical situation was hip fracture, 81% of older Japanese Americans and 72% of older Caucasians intended to be cared for at home, with 13% of both groups intending to use nursing home care (P = NS). The subjects' perceptions of what their families, friends, ministers, and communities would want them to choose differed, with more uncertainty among Caucasians (P < .001). For provision of home care, Japanese Americans were more likely to rely on loved ones than Caucasians, who were more likely to rely on paid providers. Multivariate logistic regression showed ethnicity to be independently related to intention to use nursing home care in the dementia scenario, controlling for demographic variables. Being married lowered the odds of intending to use nursing homes in any situation. We conclude that Caucasian Americans intend to use paid home health care at higher rates than Japanese Americans if they become disabled by dementia. Japanese Americans demonstrated more certainty about the influences of others on their opinions, suggesting a more stable cultural norm in this population, and intended to use more nursing home care in the event of permanent debility (dementia).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1149-1155
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Asian older people
  • Ethnicity
  • Home care
  • Long-term care
  • Nursing home

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

McCormick, W. C., Ohata, C. Y., Uomoto, J., Young, H. M., Graves, A. B., Kukull, W., Teri, L., Vitaliano, P., Mortimer, J. A., McCurry, S. M., Bowen, J. D., & Larson, E. B. (2002). Similarities and differences in attitudes toward long-term care between Japanese Americans and Caucasian Americans. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 50(6), 1149-1155. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1532-5415.2002.50275.x