Similar long-term outcomes for laparoscopic versus open live-donor nephrectomy kidney grafts: An OPTN database analysis of 5532 adult recipients

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Prior studies that included both adult and pediatric recipients suggested slower early graft function for laparoscopically (vs. openly) procured live donor kidney grafts (LD-Ktxs). Any potential long-term impact, however, remains unknown. We compared long-term outcomes of 2685 (49%) laparoscopic vs. 2847 (51%) open LD-Ktxs reported to the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network performed in adult (≥18 yrs) recipients between November 1999 and December 2000, with follow-up to February 2006. Acute and chronic rejection accounted for 152 laparoscopic (51%) vs. 148 (46%) open graft losses (P=NS). At discharge and at 5 years, graft function was similar for both groups; graft survival at 5 years was 79% (laparoscopic) vs. 80% (open) (P=NS). We conclude that despite prior reports of slower early laparoscopic LD-Ktx function, both laparoscopic and open nephrectomy are equally effective for procurement of kidneys for adult recipients with regard to short- and long-term (>5 years) function and survival. Future studies must investigate whether these findings apply also to pediatric LD-Ktx recipients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)916-919
Number of pages4
JournalTransplantation
Volume85
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008

Keywords

  • Kidney graft survival
  • Kidney recipient outcome
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Laparoscopic nephrectomy
  • Live kidney donor
  • Surgical technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Immunology

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