We investigated the regulation of serum high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol metabolism in patients with type II diabetes mellitus by determining the activities of the two lipolytic enzymes that play major roles in the production and degradation of HDL. The activity of lipoprotein lipase (LPL), the enzyme responsible for HDL cholesterol production, and the activity of hepatic triglyceride lipase (HTGL), the enzyme that facilitates the catabolism of HDL, were measured in plasma obtained after iv injection of heparin. Thirty patients were selected to represent a wide range of serum HDL cholesterol concentrations (low, normal, and high HDL cholesterol groups). Mean lipoprotein lipase activity was similar in all three groups [122 ± 10 (SEM) U/mL in the low HDL, 141 ± 11 U/mL in the normal HDL, and 148 ± 30 U/mL in the high HDL group]. Mean HTGL activity was markedly decreased in the high HDL group; the mean values were 346 ± 28 U/mL in the low HDL, 320 ± 25 U/mL in the normal HDL, and 191 ± 23 U/mL in the high HDL groups, respectively. Body weight and insulin requirement correlated directly with HTGL activity and inversely with serum HDL cholesterol levels. These findings suggest that in type II diabetes mellitus low serum HDL cholesterol levels may be due to an increased rate of clearance by HTGL.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|State||Published - 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism